Project progress

ACTION A2 - Ex-ante detailed Survey about the wolf presence in the Portuguese project areas

The aim of this action, which began in December 2012, is that of acquiring elements about the wolf presence in the project area and of creating a genetic database of local wolves (genetic analysis for the determination of genotypes). The monitoring activities have been held by Grupo Lobo and ended in December 2013. The genetic analysis, presently in progress, is  carried out under the responsibility of the analysis laboratory Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária.

Within the action A2, 46 interviews have been carried out to owners of zoo-technical farms who experienced wolf's attacks. 18 farms, damaged by wolves, have been inspected and 486 paths have been created for the excrements' collection, 6 of which were realized with the aid of a dog specifically trained for searching signals of wolf's presence (detection dogs; see also action A7). In the end, infra-red traps have been placed in order to learn more information about the species' presence in the studied area. Excrements' (n. 78) and saliva (n. 137) samples have been collected along the trails and were sent to the laboratory for the genetic analysis.

In the period between August and September 2013 the activity of Wolf Howling has been conducted, a technique which allows to obtain information about the presence of wolves' herds in a specific area taking advantage of the natural inclination of the species to answer to an acoustic stimulation of recorded howling.

From March to October 2014 Grupo Lobo carried out several activities: in March 9 surveys with detection dogs, 3 surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves, 311 nights using infra-red traps, 13 paths for the excrements' collection and10 interviews to farmers were carried out.  In addition to that, the members have collected 44 samples composed of: 10 excrements, 32 swabs and 2 fur samples. In April  Grupo Lobo carried out 11 surveys with detection dogs, 262 nights using infra-red traps, 18 paths for the excrements' collection and 4 interviews to farmers. 51 samples have been collected, among which: 18 excrements, 32 swabs and 1 fur sample. In May 2014 the survey about wolf’s presence went on, therefore 7 interviews to farmers have been carried out along with 316 nights using infra-red traps and 8 paths for the excrements' collection have been realized. In addition to that, 18 samples have been collected (8 excrements and 10 swabs). In June 359 nights using infra-red traps have been carried out,  as well as 14 paths for the excrements' collection and 8 interviews to farmers. In addition to that, 4 surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves have been carried out. 25 excrements and 24 swabs for a total of 49 samples have been collected. In July, 329 nights using infra-red traps have been carried out and so were 17 paths for the excrements' collection and 10 interviews to farmers. 8 surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves have been carried out and 58 samples (11 excrements, 46 swabs and 1 fur sample) have been collected. In August 309 nights using infra-red traps have been carried out, 5 paths for the excrements' collection and 2 interviews to farmers. 6 surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves have been carried out and 43 samples (19 excrements and 24 swabs) have been collected. In September 387 nights using infra-red traps have been carried out and so were 21 paths for the excrements' collection, 3 interviews to farmers and one session of wolf howling. Moreover 8 samples of excrements were collected. In October 183 nights using infra-red traps  have been carried out and so were 15 paths for the excrements' collection, 7 interviews to farmers, 1 survey in a farm which was damaged by wolves and 20 samples (11 excrements) have been collected.

During these months the Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária went on with genetic analysis of swabs, which was completed in February.

In November, December and January Grupo Lobo begun the data analysis and the report drafting which was completed in March. 

ACTION A3 - Ex-ante Survey about damages in the Portuguese project areas

Action A3, which aims to acquire information about the conflict between the wolf's presence and the zoo technical activities in Portugal, was carried out under the coordination of ESACB (Escola Superior Agrária de Castelo Branco) and involved the staff of Grupo Lobo as well.

In the first phase of the action, the elements about the previous damages have been acquired  by ICNF (Instituto de Conservacao de Naturaleza e das Florestas). After that, a questionnaire has been submitted to 50 zoo-technical farms damaged by wolves. The questionnaire was used to better understand domestic cattle management, therefore the results will become an important element to program the consignment of damages prevention systems, which will be realized within the actions C1 e C3. The analysis of collected facts is now being processed and will be available in January 2014 on the project's web site. In march 2014 the report of collected data has been concluded and its final version was published after a revision in April.

Final Report Action A3

application/pdf Final Report Action A3.pdf (3.8 MiB)
ACTION A4 – Ex-ante Survey about damages in the Italian project areas

 The action began in January 2013 and ended in January 2014 with the redaction of the activity report. The realization of this action has been supported by IEA, by the Province of Grosseto, by C.I.A, Coldiretti and Confagricoltura.

The main activities conducted have been:

- An analysis of the damages caused by canines in the province of Grosseto in the period 2007-2012 based on the data made available by Co.di.Pra Toscana (Association for the defence of agricultural productions) and, for the year 2012, taking into consideration the warnings that the ASL (Local Health Authority) transmits to the Provincial Offices as well.

- A research realized through interviews addressed to local farmers to better understand domestic cattle management  with particular attention to the use of damage prevention systems. For this reason, a questionnaire has been arranged, shared and submitted to 150 local farmers.

The realization of this action was fundamental to describe the extension and the entity of the conflict between the wolf's presence and the zoo technical activities and to plan the consignment of damage prevention systems which will be realized within the actions C2 and C4.

During the IX Italian Convention of Theriogenology, which took place in Civitella Alfedena (AQ) from 7th to 10th  May, the preliminary results of the action have been presented.

the final report of action A4 was presented in October, with the participation of the members of IEA, the Province of Grosseto, C.I.A., Coldiretti and Confagricoltura..

On the 4th  of February: IEA and the Province of Grosseto held a meeting with Netspring in Grosseto to discuss about the update of the database.

In September 2015 the province of Grosseto carried out an update of the database with the information received by ASL (Register of predation). The data entered in the database up to the 30/9 were: 403 events of predation, 1164 head of cattle adults and labs dead, hurt and missing. A test to implement the data base was carried out at Netspring.

In October 2015 the imput of data is being carried out by net Spring and will be continued during the project progress.

Final Report Action A4

application/pdf Final Report Action A4.pdf (4.0 MiB)
ACTION A5 – Evaluation of the potential expansion areas in Portugal

The aim of action A5, coordinated and accomplished by Grupo Lobo, was that of producing a model for the environmental wolf's suitability in the study areas of Portugal. During the first phase of the action, some information about the wolf's presence have been acquired along with the cartographic data about the principal environmental variables as, the soil use, the vegetative covering, altimetry and localization of zoo-technical farms, and of residential areas. We then got on to the real examination phase, which has produced a preliminary model, which will be implemented and integrated with all the other information acquired during the project.

This model represents an important instrument to identify the areas of species' future expansion on the territory and therefore the areas of potential conflict with the local economic activities.

The activity report associated to that model, which also explains its use and practical management potentiality, is presently being drafted and will be published on the project web site.

In May 2015 the partner Grupo Lobo updated the GIS model with the data gathered with the action A2 (2014) and new maps were produced. The report is almost completed.

ACTION A6 – Evaluation of the potential expansion areas between Apennines and coastal plain in the province of Grosseto

The aim of action A6, coordinated and accomplished by IEA, was that of producing a model for the environmental wolf's suitability in the study areas in the Province of Grosseto.

During the first phase of the action, some information about the wolf's presence have been acquired, as well as the cartographic data about the main environmental variables as, the soil use, the vegetative covering, altimetry and localization of zoo-technical farms, and of residential areas. We then got on to the real examination phase, which produced, until now, a preliminary model, which will be implemented and integrated with all the other information acquired during the project.

This model represents an important instrument to identify the areas of species' future expansion on the territory and therefore the areas of potential conflict with the local economic activities.

The activity report associated to that model, which also explains its use and practical management potentiality, is presently being drafted and will be published on the project web site.

The action was completed and a new suitability map for wolves was creted using the most recent data on the presence of this species in the area of study.

ACTION A7 - Guards’ training for the research of wolf’s presence signs and illegal hunting activities in Portugal

The action, coordinated by Grupo Lobo, had as purpose the training of staff, already involved at different levels in the wolf’s management (technicians and office personnel of Public Administration), on the detection of marks  connected to the presence of species and on the activities to fight poaching.

Within the action A7, two different training sessions have been realized. The first one, which occurred in Sabugal on the 12 June, dealt with the aspects connected to the monitoring of wolf’s presence (field survey and genetic techniques) and the anti poaching activities, conducted by the Staff of LIFE ANTIDOTO project which is present in Spain and in Italy and contrasts the use of venom replacing it with the support of specifically trained dog units.

The training course consisted in a theoretical part and in a practical demonstration on the use of the detection dog in the survey on the signs of wolf’s. The help of this dogs, specifically trained to find wolf’s excrements and traces, is particularly useful for low density species, as the wolf itself, the research of indirect signs attesting presence of which, needs a considerable investment of time and energy. Therefore, the aid of a specifically trained dog allows to increase the quantity of collected data, without strengthening the sampling activity. The practical exercise has been held by an American trainer involved within the action A7 to train the dog Zeus which, after that, began to work in action A2.

The second meeting took place on 13th and 14th November in Bragança/Rio de Onor, in Montesinho natural Park, in the north-east area of Portugal, and was followed by 16 guards and technicians coming from 4 parks and protected areas and by 3 SEPNA-GNR (Serviço de Proteção da Natureza e do Ambiente - Guardia Nacional Republicana) agents.

This course dealt with the survey techniques for wolf’s monitoring and also included a theoretical lesson and a practical exercise on the research of wolf’s excrements and traces. During the practical exercise,  a demonstration on the use of the main techniques used for wolf’s control took place, involving several techniques such as wolf howling, photo-traps and detection dogs. The program of the second training course is available on project website.

In March 2014, the course trainer for the exposition of the consequences of illegal use of poisoning has been chosen.

In April, Grupo Lobo organized the second part of training course (Sabugal 30/4) followed by 30 SEPNA and ICNF (Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas) agents.

ACTION A8 - Guards’ training for the research of wolf’s presence signs and illegal hunting activities in Italy.

The action has been coordinated by the Province of Grosseto and had as purpose the training of the personnel of the Corps of Forest Rangers, of the Provincial and Municipal Police on the monitoring techniques of wolf's presence and about the use of anti-venom dog units to fight poaching activities.

For this reason, two different training sessions have been realized. The first course, concerning the wolf's presence monitoring techniques, took place in Grosseto on the 27th June 2013. The course included both a theoretical session and a practical part which was realized in the Regional Park of Maremma and included a demonstration about the survey techniques' application.

The course involved experienced researchers and the realization of this action is to be considered preparatory to the development of monitoring activities dealing with the wolf's presence and its distribution, which will be realized in 2016. The training course will grant the employment of specifically trained staff.

The second training session took place on the 5th  November 2013 at the Wild Fauna Centre, Bandite of Scarlino. The training activity was conducted by the Staff of LIFE ANTIDOTO project. This Life project occurs in Spain and in Italy and contrasts the use of venom, replacing it with the support of specifically trained dog units.

This training day was divided in a theoretical part and in a practical one as well, during which demonstration about the use of dogs for venom research was held. This first course is functional to the creation of an anti-venom dog unit (Action C6), that will operate on the provincial territory.

The presentation of the involved lecturers is available on the project website.

In April 2015 the province of Grosseto started a market research on the planning of the training course that the CFS (forestry service) held in June 2015. 

On the 16th 17th and 18th of June 2015 the Forestry Service and the Spanish Civil Guard  organized and anti-poison course at the Marsiliana during which 5 operators of the anti-poaching squad were trained. 

ACTION A9 - Staff training about damage evaluation and trust building in Portugal

 Action A9, coordinated by Grupo Lobo, includes the realization of a training course addressed to veterinaries aiming to the determination of the facts (genetic and necroscopic) that allow identify the predator responsible in case of killed cattle.

The correct damage verification is a fundamental requirement to understand, estimate and evaluate the real wolf’s impact in the local zoo-technical activities.

On the 12th  March in Vila Real the training course took place, and was composed by a theoretical part and a practical exercise, which involved 39 watchmen and technicians of protected areas, a member of ALDEIA and 6 veterinaries.

In April Grupo Lobo organized a training course on conflict management which was held by Dr. Cláudio Pina Fernandes of the Psycho-pedagogic Office of FCUL (Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa) (Sabugal, 16/4). The course has been followed by 12 watchmen of 5 different protected areas.

ACTION A10 - Staff training about damage evaluation and trust building in Italy

The action was coordinated by the Province of Grosseto and had the purpose of training local personnel, in particular veterinaries, who could be employed in the verification of damages caused to domestic cattle by canines. The training course was divided in two days, the first one on the 3rd and the second one on the 9th December 2013 and took place at the Wild Fauna Centre, Bandite of Scarlino. The training activity dealt with different aspects related to domestic cattle predation by big canines concerning both the necroscopic analysis of the carcasses (carcasses’ diagnostics, problems with predator’s identification, identification in case of fraud), and the social and regulatory context in which the damages occur (local normative evaluation in the field of compensation, evaluation of the domestic cattle protection, evaluation of the farmers approach to the predator).

The training course was structured in a theoretical part and in a practical one, during which a demonstration on a necroscopy on an ovine carcass was held. In particular, the part that concerns the cadaveric diagnostics was organized by Doctor Simone Angelucci, veterinary of the National Park of Majella and responsible of the project LIFE Wolfnet.

The province of Grosseto published an announcement for the selection of the participants to the training course; 13 subscriptions have been accepted overall. The action development is functional to identify specialized personnel, that during the project implementation could be employed in cattle damage evaluation. The presentations of the involved lecturers are available at the following links:

 

Angelucci_1: http://issuu.com/festambientegr/docs/a10_-_presentazione_angelucci_1_ele

 

Amgelucci_2: http://issuu.com/festambientegr/docs/a10_-_presentazione_angelucci_2_eco

 

Manghi: http://issuu.com/festambientegr/docs/a10_-_presentazione_manghi_biologia

 

Willy Reggioni: http://issuu.com/festambientegr/docs/a10_-_presentazione_willy_reggioni

 

The procedures for hiring two veterinaries were completed and, on the 22nd  May the contracts have been signed. Grupo Lobo carried out surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves: 7 in June, 26 in July, 19 in August, 12 in September, 24 in October (in the same period the preliminary results of the first surveys have been presented), 19 in November and 7 in December. The contract of the two veterinaries have been integrated in order to increase the total number of surveys. The two veterinaries completed the 120 surveys as expected by the project progress. The contract was extended to realize another 20 surveys, 10 of which were realized in January 2015.

In February the 140 surveys have been completed by the two veterinaries.

In March the report produced by the two veterinaries was finalized (GR). The Province of Grosseto  contacted the ASL to organize a training event addressed to veterinaries. The Province of Grosseto and Coldiretti took part in a meeting organized by the Regione Toscana in Florence presenting the data collected by the two veterinaries.

In April 2015 the Province of Grosseto started a cooperation with Asl 9 in Grosseto (local health unit) to organize a convention called "La conservazione del lupo e la prevenzione/riduzione delle predazioni in Provincia di Grosseto" which will be held in the 'Sala Pegaso' of the Province of Grosseto on the 10th of May, addressing the vets (public servants and freelance professionals) in the province of Grosseto, Siena and Arezzo.

ACTION A11 - Ex-ante survey about the knowledge level and resulting approach to wolf’s presence in Portugal

Action A11, coordinated by Grupo Lobo, concerns an ex ante survey about the data we have on the presence of wolves and on the perception of carnivorous, by local population and by other groups of interest.

This information is fundamental to adequately arrange the project media campaign. The action began in January 2013 and submitted to local population, school children and other groups of interest a multiple-choice questionnaire. Overall a total of 359 interviews were carried out: 150 were addressed to a generic public, 20 to journalists, 52 to hunters, 75 to police men and 62 to farmers. The information collected thanks to the interviews have been analyzed; the activity report is presently being drafted and will be published on the project web site at the beginning of 2014.

Final Report Action A11

application/pdf Final Report Action A11.pdf (1.5 MiB)
ACTION A12 - Ex-ante survey about the knowledge level and resulting approach to wolf’s presence in Italy

Basing on previous experiences and on the first results of other LIFE projects, like LIFE IBRIWOLF, it was necessary to modify the initial project proposition. The action developed through the organization of direct meetings (focus groups) with farmers, which replaced the initially scheduled interviews. These meetings represented an opportunity to compare different points of view. At the same time it allowed the farmers to feel part of a common project, that aimed to the formulation of tangible proposals to be submitted to the Province of Grosseto. The whole path was supervised by a moderator.

The territory was divided in districts (4 areas overall), where the farmers held meetings through the important mediation of category associations.

The four areas of interest were:

- Area 1: Cinigiano, Castel del Piano, Seggiano, Arcidosso, Santa Fiora, Roccalbegna, Semproniano → meeting referential Commune: Arcidosso

- Area 2: Castell'Azzara, Sorano, Pitigliano, Manciano, Scansano → meeting referential Commune: Pitigliano and Scansano

- Area 3: Massa Marittima, Monterotondo Marittimo, Montieri, Follonica, Scarlino, Gavorrano, Roccastrada, Civitella Paganica, Castiglion della Pescaia → meeting referential Commune: Massa Marittima

- Area 4: Magliano in Toscana, Grosseto, Campagnatico, Orbetello, Capalbio → meeting referential Commune: Grosseto.

The action was divided in two different parts: the first phase was dedicated to the understanding of the situation through mutual listening and to the research of farmers’ problems facing predators’ presence. During the second phase, the farmers’ proposals which emerged during the first series of meetings, were discussed by the technical and political staff of the Province in relation to their feasibility and realization, in the short and long term. The Provincial Agriculture Assessor and the responsible of Rural development Service also took part to these meetings. In addition to that, the technician Duccio Berzi, who has been collaborating for many years with the province of Grosseto to implement the instruments for cattle damage prevention, was involved as well. The first meetings took place from 3rd to 18th October 2013 for a total of 6 meetings, while, in a second phase, 4 meetings were held: from 28th November until 6th December 2013. The realization of this action represented an opportunity to take into consideration different points of view and to activate a direct debate between agricultural world and provincial administration.

After the focus group, a final meeting has been organized, with the participation of all the project’s partners. The aim was that of using in future actions, especially those of communication, the analysis of the results obtained during the two phases of meetings with farmers.

The documents of action A12 can be consulted on the web-site through the following links.

Final Report Action A12

application/pdf Final Report Action A12.pdf (1.8 MiB)
ACTION C1 - Selection of beneficiaries and consignment of watch dogs in Portugal

The selection parameters for beneficiaries were established, 4 farmers have been selected and 3 of them were also interviewed. The consignment contract for the first beneficiary who received a cub of Estrela Mountain Dog integrated in the herd on the 7th February in Sabugal has been signed.

The first control of consigned cub was carried out in March 2014. In the same period two farmers have been interviewed for a new beneficiary selection. Moreover, the second litter from which new dogs will be selected has been chosen.

In April Grupo Lobo interviewed two farmers and carried out the monthly control of the consigned cub, that participated to the Fundão Dog Show and ranked 2nd. On 8th  May the second cub has been bought and consigned. In June 2014 two female cubs have been bought and consigned, in the same period the monthly control of the cubs which had already been assigned was carried out. In addition to that, Grupo Lobo took part to an event which promoted the use of watch dogs in the area of Fundão. In July, August and September the monthly controls of the cubs which had already been assigned was carried out, the dogs were vaccinated and they were provided with food. One of the assigned dogs took part in a dog show  and won the first prize.

In September 10 farmers were interviewed, possible beneficiaries of livestock guarding dogs. One of the consigned dogs participated to the Fundão Dog Show and ranked 2nd.

In the months of October, November, December 2014, January, February,  March, April, May, July and September 2015, the monthly controls of the already consigned cubs were carried out and new cubs were assigned (5 in October, 2 in November, 2 in December and January, 2 in March, 1 in May and 1 in July)

In October a new herd of Estrela Mountain Dogs has been selected

In November one of the cubs was killed by another dog, but it will be replaced as soon as possible.

On 25th January Grupo Lobo took part to the National Herding Dog Competition which took place in Idanha-a-Nova.

In February One of the guarding dogs died because of an accident and it will be replaced in the next months.

In April 2015 a dog with behavioral problems was identified. A puppy died in an accident.

In December 2015 one adult male died for a car accident, and the monthly visits to each was carried out.

ACTION C2 - Selection of beneficiaries and consignment of watch dogs in Italy

The text for the “Expression of Interest” towards the free loan consignment of fences and other protection means (included in action C4) and about the applicants selection methods and assignment of grade was prepared starting in September 2013 and was published on the Province web site on the 9th October, with the possibility to participate until the 7th of November.

The following month the provincial administration analyzed through an adequate preliminary activity the 203 applications received and drafted the ranking published in January 2014. The consignment was based on the parameters underlined in the announcement:

- farm's location area according to predation risk;

- farm's size and breeding type;

- notification of damage derived from predators’ attacks to authorities or qualified offices as ASL (Local Health Authority) or CO.DI.PR.A (Association for the defense of agricultural productions).

In February the surveys at the farms selected in the rankings have been planned in order to establish the consignment of protection means. The research concerning authorization procedures by Communes for fences construction, started.

Through the announcement published on the 20th of January, the technician who would assist farmers was selected; he will also organize a training course addressed to category associations' technicians that will be employed in the surveys at the interested farms.

On the 5th, 6th and 18th March 2014 three companies took part in the survey (CIA, Coldiretti, ConfagricolturaI) and on the 28th  of March, in Grosseto,  a meeting to discuss about the surveys' trend took place.

In the same period a research on the needed procedures to obtain authorization for the installation of  fixed fences in interested areas, began. Finally a meeting with the Government Department responsible for the environment and historical buildings was requested to verify the compatibility of the fences which will be installed.

24 companies of the 26 in the list, have been contacted for the assignation of prevention means. At the same time, 23 surveys were conducted and the C.I.R.C.a (International Centre of research on watch dogs) received the final contract for the assignation of watchdogs. The veterinary who will follow the consigned cubs has been selected as well.

The meetings for the month of April 2014 were:

-3rd  of April (Grosseto) Meeting with the responsible of Protected Areas Office to coordinate the procedures to be adopted to build up the fences in particular areas considered of regional value (SIR).

-9th  of April (Grosseto) Meeting at Government department responsible for the environment and historical buildings of Siena and Grosseto to illustrate the different types of fences and to find out the guidelines to be adopted in provincial areas.

-10th  April (Bologna) Meeting with the representatives of the University of Bologna, to evaluate the possibility of studying the behavior and health of watchdogs.

 

-18th of April (Grosseto) Meeting to evaluate any cooperation possibility with a provincial project about the valorization of watch dogs.

-Finally on the 29th April, a communication to verify the compatibility of fences in areas of special planning control was sent to the Government department responsible for the environment and historical buildings of Siena and Grosseto.

During the month of May 2014 the selection of beneficiaries went on and surveys were carried out in 34 different farms. The materials to build up 10 fences were bought and the contract for assignation has been signed by 13 farmers.

The province of Grosseto, CIA, Coldiretti, Confagricoltura and IEA took part to the meeting organized by Coldiretti on the 24th June in Manciano with the participation of the members of the association C.I.R.Ca (International Centre of research on watch dogs) about the correct management of watch dogs. The representatives of LIFE Ibriwolf Project took part in the meeting as well. In the same period, 13 surveys in farms beneficiaries of prevention means were planned. On 18th July, 8 dogs have been assigned to 4 different farmers. One dog was taken away because of health problems and it will be replaced with another dog. Dogs have been provided with food and the veterinary have monitored them.

In the same period, the proposal of the representatives of Bologna University to study the behavior of watch dogs involved in the Medwolf project has been examined. The Province of Grosseto, CIA, Coldiretti, Confagricoltura and IEA took part to the meeting organized on the 15th of July to organize the realization of the first fences and the surveys for the involved farms.

In August 2 surveys in the farms which received the dogs have been held and 10 infra-red traps were ordered. Two computers and a printer have been bought, as well as two digital testers and a digital camera to evaluate and control the prevention means.

In September the surveys in the farms which received the dogs have been held and the project of the University of Bologna to monitor watch dogs was verified.

The surveys in the farms which received the dogs were held in October, with the participation of the members of the association C.I.R.Ca (International Centre of research on watch dogs). 4 companies have been contacted for the assignation of the next cubs. In the same period, Coldiretti asked for an estimate of costs for the production of signs to provide to the beneficiary farms. The material for the realization of 12 fences has been also consigned.

In November, December and January the surveys in the farms which received the dogs were held, with the participation of the members of the association C.I.R.Ca (International Centre of research on watch dogs). Two of the consigned cubs have been picked up, because they were not correctly managed. One of the dogs has been consigned to another farm. The University of Bologna began to analyze and monitor the behavior of watch dogs according to the approved project. On 25th November, the first fences that have been realized, were tested. CIA finished the realization of a fence and consigned the material for the realization of another 4 fences. Confagricoltura consigned the material for the realization of fences to all beneficiaries, lacking only the gates. Coldiretti confirmed 7 orders to build fences and took part to the initiative organized to promote electrified fences by Milkline (Piacenza).

 

On 19th December 8 cubs have been consigned to 4 farms. Coldiretti made contact with CIA and Confagricoltura to establish the cooperative and held a survey in a farm which asked for an electrified fence. In January, the drafting of the signs which should signal watch dogs presence was completed and estimates for their realization were asked. In the same period, 9 fences which have to be tested were completed.

In February Coldiretti carried out the monthly controls of the livestock guarding dogs in farms.

In March Coldiretti and IEA carried out the monthly controls of the guarding dogs and consigned two new cubs (23/3)

In April 2015 the partners Coldiretti and IEA transferred a female dog to a company which already owned 2 male dogs. The regular health and behavioral monitoring was performed. On the 16th of April 2015 IEA, Coldiretti and the University of Bologna held a meeting via skype on the monitoring of guard dogs.

In May 2015 the partner Coldiretti kept working on the health and behavioral monitoring of the dogs that were given to farmers, food was delivered to feed the dogs, and some free ‘dog warning’ signs were distributed to the farms that use this prevention tool. (2 farms were not included in the list of the concerned events). A puppy was delivered on the 21/05/2015 to replace another one that had to be taken back for health issues in July 2014. 2 dogs were moved in a new farm because the old one closed.

in July 2015, the association DifesAttiva was created and some activities were planned.

In September 2015, Coldiretti carried out its periodic visit to the companies that received the dogs, food was delivered to feed the dogs and some gadgets from the company ‘DifesAttiva’, which will handle the dogs, have been realized.

Some free ‘dog warning’ signs were distributed to 11 zoo technical farms that are not part of the Medwold project, but do own watchdogs.

20 dogs were assigned in total. To this day, the assigned dogs are 18, as 1 died and the other was reassigned. Moreover, matings are being planned. The association DifesAttiva was created to monitor the project progressand GPS collars are beuing installed on sheeps and dogs to verify their behaviour within the flock. 

In December 2015 the monitoring of dogs with GPS collars continues (to this day there are in total 13 dogs and 6 sheep in 6
holdings); a 1 hour-session of observation per dog was carried out and  dog food was delivered for a total of
420 kg. 2 new pups born from a project dog were delivered to new holdings.

ACTION C3 – Installation of fences as protection means in Portugal

The action was moved up in the project's chronogram in order to face an emergency situation: an ostrich farmer who was cyclically damaged. The first fence has been installed once that the fences' technical characteristics were identified, the administrative procedures were concluded and the consignment contract  was prepared. The preliminary activities for the selection of beneficiaries for the distribution of prevention means, began in November 2013.

During the project progress (May 2014 – July 2015) a total of 10 beneficiaries were selected, the materials for the realization of fences was ordered and consigned and 10 fences were built and monitored, also through surveys which were periodically submitted to the beneficiary farmers.

In May 2014 an evaluation on the purchase of permanent non-electrified fences was proposed to IEA. During the same period of time, Grupo Lobo and ESACB (Escola Superior Agrária de Castelo Branco) met an ostrich farmer and expressed the necessity of some improvements that have to be made. Moreover an additional technical and economic support was required by the farmer who was hit by a wolf attack.

in April 2015 the partner ESACB visited for the second time the ostrich farm (15/4) to confirm the weaknesses of the fence and identify any possible improvement. A report was drawn up and  a meeting was planned involving ICNF (Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas), ESACB and Grupo Lobo to decide how to proceed to avoid any damage and moderate conflicts.

In July 2015 an intervention to fix the fence of the ostrich farmer that had been attacked  was carried out.

In September 2015 the contract with the ostrich farmer was integrated after some changes to the fence. Moreover, another modification was suggested, to improve a part of the fence which is still not high enough.

In December 2015, the contruction of 2 new fences started, and the monitoring of the installed fences continued. The ostrich fences were improved thanks to the implementation of barbed wire and increased height.

ACTION C4 – Installation of prevention means in Italy

See Action C2.

During the whole period of this action (February-September 2015), the partners (Province of Grosseto, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti and CIA) carried out surveys, monitoring activities  and inspections to test the fences and the phototraps that were installed, and ordered the materials that are necessary to build new fences.

Confagricoltura contacted some companies that still have to finish the installation to monitor any progress.

One of the three inspections carried out by the Province of Grosseto and Coldiretti in May 2015 revealed the necessity to make some modifications)

Confagricoltura and Coldiretti contacted the farmers to be updated on the any progress.

In July 2015 a meeting among the beneficiaries was held to plan monitoring and support activities.

In September 2015, the Province of Grosseto, Confagricoltura; Coldiretti, CIA and IEA held a meeting in Grosseto (11/9) to assess any progress and plan the monitoring activity and testing of the fences. A deadline was fixed on the 25/9 for the OO.PPs to communicate the name of the defaulting beneficiary companies and on the 30/11 for the test of all the assigned structures.

In October 2015, 33 inspections were carried out (12 fences in CIA companies, 16 fences in Coldiretti companies, 5 fences in Confagricoltura companies), 8 renunciations. 

In December 2015 the material for 5 fences was ordered, 13 already existing fences were monitored for correct functionality, 3 visits following predation were carried out; 5 fences were finalised and 2 new fences were tested and approved.

ACTION C5 – Poisoning control and anti-poaching activities in Portugal

The action was planned, a contact was made with an anti-poisoning dog trainer and a collaboration  to prepare preliminary agreement was carried out. Grupo Lobo and ALDEIA took part to the training course about the control of the illegal use of venom organized by project Life ANTIDOTO. Aldeia organized some meetings with students and teachers to raise awareness on the impact of the illegal killing of wild fauna (especially wolves and birds of prey). The creation of a database GIS for the realization of a model which graphically represents the fauna poisoning events began. Participation to training course as planned in action A9.

In March 2014 a meeting with the representatives of the “Veterinary Toxicological Department” (26th March) took place, to evaluate their availability to analyze the poisoned carcasses found during the project's developpment. In addition to that, on the 26th March a lesson addressed to 60 students of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Trasos-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD) was organized, about Medwolf project and toxicological aspects. The representatives of SEPNA-Pinhel (Serviço de Proteção da Natureza e do Ambiente) met on the 12th March to discuss the possibility of intervention in the studied area and the use of anti-poison kit.

ALDEIA registered 342 events of wild fauna poisoning. On the 2nd of April in Lisbona , a meeting with veterinaries of Toxicological Veterinary Medicine Department took place, to evaluate their availability to directly carry out the toxicological analysis.  The list of subjects to be included in anti-poison kit for SEPNA-GNR agents was drown up. A lesson addressed to 50 students of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Lisbona was organized about wild fauna rehabilitation after poisoning events and information about Medwolf project. On 22nd April Grupo Lobo began, in collaboration with Project Against Poison, a control action about the use of venom. The expert in anti-poisoning dogs, Jesus Valladolid, carried out a two-weeks survey to find out the more critical zones in the Project Medwolf areas.

SEPNA-GNR (Serviço de Proteção da Natureza e do Ambiente-Guardia Nacional Republicana) has been technically supported on 19th and 20th May during a possible case of poisoning in Reboleiro. On 26th May 50 veterinaries of the University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD) took part to a lesson about forensic veterinary.

In June 2014 two lessons have been carried out: the first one in Boticas, north Portugal and the second one in Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo on the illegal predators' killing methods and the MedWolf Project.

In July ALDEIA got in touch with SEPNA to prepare the “poison kit” and they met on the 21st August. Some Portuguese and Spanish Ong met to plan the information and awareness activities.

In October ALDEIA organized a meeting with the rangers of natural reserve of Serra da Malcata and with the veterinary of Penamacor to be updated about new cases of fauna poisoning. ALDEIA got in touch with SEPNA representatives of Pinhel and Vilar Formoso to define the required materials for anti-poisoning activities. In addition to that a lesson addressed to 80 students of the Centro Escolar di Penamacor was carried out.

In November ALDEIA organized a meeting with 2 members of SEPNA-GNR to be updated on new cases of fauna poisoning,  contacted CERAS/Quercus (Centro de Estudos e Recuperação de Animais Selvagens) to update the database and participated to the Workshop about poisoning activities in Portugal organized by LPN/Imperial Eagle LIFE Project in Castro Verde on 26th November.

In December ALDEIA organized two lessons at University of Lusofona (Lisbona), addressed to 50 students of veterinary medicine about wild fauna protection and about project Medwolf. On 8th December ALDEIA took part to the Wildlife Rehabilitation Workshop in Gouveia.

In January ALDEIA organized a meeting with 2 members of SEPNA-GNR to discuss the procedures to adopt in case of wild fauna poisoning. In the same period ALDEIA got in touch with the veterinaries of Guardia and Castelo Branco to discuss a possible collaboration organize meetings and workshops.

On the 25th of February ALDEIA performed a lesson addressed to 50 students of veterinary about procedures to adopt in case of wild fauna poisoning at the High School of Agriculture of Ponte de Lima. Meeting with the Portuguese and Spanish representatives (Madrid, 26-27/2) to discuss about the legal procedures linked to wild fauna poisoning events, organized in the frame of the Life Project Imperial Eagle.

In March ALDEIA provided technical support to SEPNA/GNR following an event of poisoning of wild fauna (two foxes found dead on the 12 and on the 19 of March in Aldeia Viscosa).

On April 2015 ALDEIA payed for the tox screen of some samples provided by QUERCUS of bird carcasses found in Idanha-a-Nova and Vila Velha de Ródão. Technical support was provided to SEPNA/GNR-Pinhel for a possible case of poisoning of a griffon in Meda, Guarda. (19/4).

ALDEIA continues the educational activities for schools  releasing two birds of prey (buzzard and European honey buzzard) that got illegally shot at involving students (50 in one case and 15 in the other). Participation to a debate on the poaching of wildlife, in the context of the VIII workshop on birds of prey (Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, 15/5). The Medwolf project was always involved .

The partner Grupo Lobo carried out a second action of control on the use of poison and poaching (18-24/5) with detection dogs, organized in cooperation with Quercus and involving the SEPNA-GNR and ICNF guards.

In September 2015 ALDEIA held a meeting with SEPNA/GNR (Guarda 7/9) for an update on any poisoning event within the region.

On the 15th of December a meeting with the Nature Guards of Reserva Natural da Serra da Malcata, Sabugal Municipal Veterinary and Quercus was held during the release of 2 vultures and an eagle Owl at Sabugal. A meeting with SEPNA-Pinhel was held on the 19th, during release of wild birds caught illegally, in the school of Meda. The  presentation of ALDEIA´s participation on MedWolf was made in the occasion of a Wildlife Rehabilitation Workshop at Gouveia on the 4th of December. There were 35 participants mostly veterinary and biology students.

ACTION C6 – Poisoning control and anti-poaching activities in Italy

The Life ANTIDOTO was contacted to evaluate the possible involvement its members within this action. The involvement of Forest Rangers Corps Evaluated and approved with official subscription in February 2014 and a program sheet about Action C6 was elaborated.

In February 2015 the CFS (Forestry Service - Corpo Forestale dello Stato) contacted the trainers of the training course scheduled for June 2015. The selection procedures of the personnel involved in the implementation of Action C6 have started.

In March CFS planned the training course (date and program) addressed to CFS operators and required the costs of the trainers missions expenses related to the training course.

In April 2015 CFS carried out some procedures of recruitment of anti-poisoning and anti-poaching canine units. The administrative proceedings for the purchase of some Spanish breeders' dogs in cooperation with the PLUTO project  were carried out. The planning of kennels in cooperation with the PLUTO project started. Some Spanish teachers  of the Guardia Civile (Civil Protection) were selected for the training course in June.

In September 2015, the Forestry Service updated the planning of the activities considering the delays. An announcement of competition was realized in cooperation with the project LIFE PLUTO to buy anti-poison dogs.

A call for tenders was carried out to buy dogs in cooperation with the Life project Pluto. The dogs will be bought in Ansalusia and will be provided after a 6 month training (scheduled in March 2016). Once that the first dog will be assigned, the operator will take part to a 20 day training course with the dog. In the meantime the anti-poaching activities started and during the training course a demostration was held with the dog units at the Franceschelli company in Roccalbegna (GR).

In December 2015 the procedure for the acquisition of a vehicle started; an anti-poison dog provider was identified through a joint procedure with LIFE PLUTO project.

 

ACTION D2 - Assessment of the efficacy of damage prevention structures and livestock guarding dogs in Italy

ACTION D2 - In May 2015 the Province of Grosseto, Coldiretti and IEA had a planning meeting (5/5) and suggested an activity plan.

ACTION D3 - Assessment of wolf presence in expansion areas in Portugal

ACTION D3 - Grupo Lobo, September 2015: The selection for the biologist that will take care of the gathering of data on site has begun.

INIAV started the procedures for the renewal of the contract for the laboratory technician.

ACTION D7 - Assessment of the socio-economic impact of the project
ACTION E1 – Project Web Site

The web site has been created and published in March 2013 with an Italian, Portuguese and English version. The site is constantly updated with news, new materials and it is provided with a section to download documents. In October the new web site section with material download and consultation was  developed. A new window  from which users can submit their requests for materials was also created. 

In October 2014 a new section of the site was opened and the section 'Material request' was added.

In July 2015, the website was modified to grant greater visibility to the information on prevention methods.

In December 2015, 3 news were published; the facebook profile was updated.

ACTION E2 – Communication Campaign about conflicts' mitigation in Portugal

The communication strategy was set with an expert and the realization of the activities included in the communication plan  was  launched: press releases were launched; the local radio and newspapers were contacted; two students seminaries about the cattle damage prevention systems were launched and some informative material was handed out.  A national network between researchers\technicians\ONG\ICNF was established for the diffusion of information about wolf, addressing the media.

A confrontation and involvement path was started by the category association ACRIALMEIDA in order to evaluate the possible collaboration of farmers in the project MedWolf.

The meetings in schools for the distribution of Wolf-Kit started. In particular,  two schools answered positively to this proposal. The educational activities carried out during the project have been: in April 2014 the Medwolf project was  presented during a lesson addressed to the students of 4 different classes in a high-school in Sabugal (22nd April). 72 of these students have filled in a questionnaire about their attitude towards wolf. Finally, the “wolf kit” has been used in two schools of Pinhel and Sabugal. In May 53 students in 6 different classes of a school in Sabugal have filled in a questionnaire about their attitude towards wolf. The project was presented during 4 meetings in 7 high-schools of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, during a seminar which was carried out at the Science Faculty of the University of Lisboa (22nd May) and at Ciência Viva Alviela (Alcanena, 17th May). In June, 224 students filled in a questionnaire about their attitude towards wolf and the “wolf kit” has been used in two schools of Pinhel and Sabugal. In addition to that, all the schools in the project area have been contacted to propose the use of the “wolf kit” during the next academic year. Grupo Lobo also took part in a fieldtrip with 60 students of Almeida and showed the use of detection dog. In July, a questionnaire to evaluate the workshop development has been prepared. In August the association sent e-mails  to all schools located in the project area to present the “wolf kit” in the new academic year and a seminar to present the project was also realized in collaboration with the University of Beira Interior (Covilhã). In October the wolf-kit has been presented to teachers of Sabugal High School and  three lessons in different schools were organized. In March 2015 a meeting with the representatives of the University of Beira Interior (UBI, Covilhã, 10/3) was organized in order to discuss about the organization of a seminar concerning wolf and the Medwolf project. In April a project was presented during a conference on wolves at the Faculty of Science at the university of Lisbon (22/4). A seminar for the media was organized in cooperation with the university of Beira Interior - UBI, Covilhã, scheduled in June and the seminar for the media was postponed to the end of the year because the minimum number of enrolments was not reached. In September some schools were contacted for the utilization of the wolf kit.

During the project progress several articles were published: in April 2014 the municipalities of Penamacor, Sabugal and Guarda have been contacted to publish the article on their own dispatches and 2 articles were published, the first one on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 3rd April), the other, concerning the use of watchdogs and mentioning the MedWolf project, on the weekly magazine Semanário SOL (8th April). Moreover an article about the Med Wolf project and wolf's protection has been written and  will be published in the next months on the dispatches of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, Pinhel and Idanha-a-Nova. 3 articles were issued in May, on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 1-15-29 May); 2 articles in June, issued on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 12th and 26th June) and on the monthly magazine “Zimbro”; 3 articles  in July, issued on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 1st, 24th and 31st July) and on the local newspaper "5 Quinas" (on the 16th July); 3 in August, issued on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda 7th 14th and 28th August); 1 in September on the local newspaper “Terras de Beira” (Guarda 11th September); 3 in October on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda 2nd, 16th and 30th October); 1 In November on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda 20th November) and on the on-line web site of the city of Idanha-a-Nova; 2 in December on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda -11th-25th December), and on the monthly magazine “Zimbro” and one on the weekly “Sol”. 1 in January on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda 22nd January); 2 in February on the local newspaper Terras da Beira (Guarda 12th and 26th February); 2 in March on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (GUarda 12 and 26/3); 2 in May on the local paper “Terra de Beira” (Guarda, 14/5 e 21/5), 2 on the local papers “Jornal a Guarda” and “Capeia Arraiana”, 1 on the national paper “O Instalador”, 1 on Camaras Verdes (in the same period Ecotour was spread through the media and online, and had great success reaching the highest possible number of enrolments); 2 in April on the local paper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 16/4 and 23/4); 2 in September on the local paper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 3 e 17/9) and 1 in October on the activities carried out by Grupo Lobo, among which the Medwolf project,  on the online version of the national paper “SOL”.

Several interviews were carried out as well: on the 21st of February an interview at the national TV, RTP2 was released, about the Medwolf project in the framework of a LIFE projects presentation broadcast in Portugal. In April 2014 the Medwolf project has been quoted during an interview to prof. Francisco Fonseca on  the university radio about wolfs (Radio Zero, Lisbona 24/4). On the 16th July an interview on the local radio “Radio Altitude” was carried out. In January Biosfera, a weekly Tv-Program about nature protection, realized an interview to the national coordinator of MedWolf project and to the technical representatives of Grupo Lobo and of the Escola Superior Agrária do Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco about the aim of MedWolf project. In November Grupo Lobo participated to a TV- program about project MedWolf and LGDs (RTP1 Channel on 13th November).

 

The activities concerning the communication plan have been: in May 2014 the printing and distribution of the brochure about wolf (1000 copies) was carried out, and so was the translation of the brochure and of the panels for the display organized by LCIE (Large carnivore Initiative for Europe), the preparation of new panels about the presence of wolves started in Portugal; in June the translation and the graphical correction of the LCIE brochure has been completed; the layout of the LCIE display has been prepared and a contact was made with Wolf Museums in Portugal for a subject integration; in July the texts of the brochure about prevention means have been drafted, translated in Portuguese and prepared for the layout of the LCIE brochure. In the same period an estimate of the cost  to print the panels and  realize supplementary products for the display was asked. In August, Grupo Lobo updated and finished the LCIE brochure and shared the text and the graphic format with IEA (Institute of applied ecology) and Festambiente; in September Grupo Lobo printed 500 copies of the LCIE brochure; in October Grupo Lobo, printed 500 copies of the LCIE brochure which were distributed during the workshop organized in range of Action E6;  in March 2015 the project flyer was distributed; in April 500 brochures of the Medwold project were printed and a promotional poster on the tour for the Fiera del turismo Iberico (Spanish Tourism Fair) was prepared (Guarda, 30/4 – 3/5); in May the poster on educational actions was presented at the congress “SciCom: communication and science 2015” (Lagos, 28-29/5); in July 2015 some prints of the LCIE exhibition were planned along with a second program for the ecotourism activities and in September a poster for the promotion of the event was realized.

During the progress of the project, several meetings were held to define the structure of the project and organize workshops: in July  A meeting with the representatives of LCIE and ICNF (Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas) was held to organize a national workshop to reduce the conflict between the presence of  wolves and farmers. Farmers, representatives of category associations, ONG, researchers and parks' employees were present.  In August a  meeting with the researcher Lia Vasconcelos, expert in conflict mediation in situations regarding conservation (Lisbona, 24th  September),was organized.  In November 5 meetings in cities located in study areas were organized  to evaluate the possibility of starting eco-tourism activities related to wolves. Two meetings with the participation of the researcher Lia Vasconcelos, expert in conflict mediation in situations regarding conservation, were organized involving 130 participants. On 28th January 2015 Grupo Lobo met the director of the Natural Science Museum of Lisbona to arrange the LCIE display exposition with the possibility of realizing a display catalogue.  In March, Grupo Lobo met the Director of the Museum of Natural Sciences of Lisbon (23/3) to discuss  the exposition of the LCIE exhibit in the premises of the museum as a permanent exhibition lasting two years.  In the same period, some meetings with local political representatives have been organized, in order to inform them on the status of wolf conservation and on the activities undertaken by the project Medwolf (Lisbon 6 - 25/3). In April 2015 Grupo Lobo defined the structure and details of the exhibition LCIE (Large Carnivore initiatives for Europe) between Grupo Lobo and the staff of the Natural History Museum of Lisbon. A second meeting was held on the 28th of April. A smaller exhibit was planned in a smaller room of the Museum. The exhibit will become itinerant and 7 museums were contacted. In May 2015 the partner Grupo Lobo opened an LCIE exhibition at the Museum of Natural History in Lisbon (18/5) with the Italian partners as well.  Grupo Lobo, in September 2015, contacted two museums that are interested in hosting a smaller version of the Medwold exhibit.

In September, the second ecotourism tour, which will start at the end of October, was organized and will include the milking of goats and the realization of cheese in a farm at St. Estevão (Sabugal).

In October 2014 and May 2015, two press conference were held on the results of the project.

In December 2015 the reduced version (PVC panels) of the exhibit is still on display at the science museum Mina da Ciência - Ciência Viva do Lousal (Lousal), and will stay there until 30th of June 2016. 2 opinion articles by Grupo Lobo were published in the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda) on the 10th ("Wolves' news, from Portugal to China”) and the 24th ("Ancient Story").

Some schools in Sabugal were contacted, Pinhel and Almeida, which are willing to receive the project's team for a talk. One talk focusing on the results of the SDDT and one poster comparing the data collected by different wolf survey methods (except the SDDT) within the A2-Ext were presented at the SECEM Congress (4-7th December) in Burgos (Spain). Contacts were made with the various interest groups: 3 associations of livestock breeders, 7 hunting associations, 15 newspapers, 10 radios, 1 university with journalism's students and 5 local mayors for planning meetings in 2016.

ACTION E3 – Communication Campaign about conflicts' mitigation in Italy

Through collective decision of the partners, a working group which reunites periodically was created, responsible for the communication strategy and for the creation of an effective communication program. On the 21st a press conference to officially present the project to the media and to the territory May has been organized.

In order to improve the communication campaign and make it more inclusive, 3 contracts with provincial newspapers and with the on line daily “Il Giunco” were stipulated.

In March 2014, the section "Project Development" (in Italian) has been added and updated. On the 5th and 6th of April, Coldiretti took part in the exhibition  "Vivi la terra" (Massa Carrara) with  an information stand  Life Medwolf, creating some information material.

Within the Medwolf communication campaign, the following materials have been produced: (go to the section concerning the produced material) :

 

- brochure on the prevention tools (April 2014)

 

- 10 copies of the LCIE exhibit by WWF (September 2014)

 

- LCIE brochure (October 2014)

 

- Wolf kit junior for children from 7 to 12 years of age (November 2014)

 

- USB pen with con wolfkit material for schools (January 2015)

 

- 1 panel of the LCIE exhibit is being reprinted because it was damaged  (April 2015)

 

- brochure on poison, the leaflet of the project and the brochure on the prevention methods are being reprinted  and some gadgets were produced. (July 2015)

 

- 600 t-shirts for children, to be given during  Festambiente, in the area called  "Città dei Bambini e delle Bambine" were created. (August 2015)

 

In May 2014, the English translation on the Communication Strategy Plan started.  

In June 2014 an article was published on the local paper “Il Tirreno”,  while in August an article was published on the paper ‘La Nazione’.  In October 2014, Festambiente published a section on the newspaper ‘La Nazione’ in cooperation with the LIFE project  Ibriwolf. In November 2014,  a section was published on the newspaper ‘Il Tirreno’.

In October 2015 WWF determined the procedures of shipment and recovery of the copies of the  LCIE exhibition used in the context of some events dedicated to wolves and promoted the exhibit at the local premises and WWF supporting groups.

Coldiretti took part in the 2014 edition of M'ammalia called “Una convivenza possibile? Linci, lupi, orsi e uomini sulle Alpi” and presented the Medwolf Project (Bordano, UD, 25/10).

Festambiente showed the exhibit at the following events :

- International Conference “Hybridizationbetween wild and domestic mammals as a conservation threat and opportunity”, within the  LIFE Project Ibriwolf (Grosseto 1-4/11)

 

- National meeting of Legambiente (Rispescia, 31/10-2/11)

 

- Congress of the  Alliance for Voluntary Service (Rispescia, 2-9/11)

 

- Festa del Lupo (Castelluccio di Porretta Terme, BO, 7-8-9/11)

 

- Conference "Il lupo è intorno a noi - Convivere con l'animale più affascinante e incompreso dei nostri boschi" (Livorno 22/11)

 

- Festambiente (Rispescia, 8-17/8/2015)

 

- Didactic event  "Notte da lupi - un anno dopo" organizzata da Therion Research Group (24/1 Clauzetto, PN)

 

- Initiative "Lupus in fabula",  (20-22/2/2015 Martina Franca, TA)

 

- Meeting organized by Eduzoo (11/2/2015 Falconara, AN)

 

- Museo del Lupo (29/12/2014 Viggiano, PZ)

 

- Didactic event "Il lupo e la merenda della nonna" (Parco Naturale interprovinciale di Montioni 29/3/2015)

 

- At the The Space Cinema in Grosseto for the projection of the movie "L'ultimo lupo" di J. J. Annaud (27/3, Grosseto)

 

- In Verona, for the itinerant exhibit in schools.  

 

- LIPU Centre (La Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli)  for the annual meeting of the Associazione delle Guide Ambientali Toscana (Riserva Lago di Santa Luce il 16/3)

 

- Visiting Centre Casa Rossa Ximenes, in the reserve of the della Diaccia Botrona (Castiglione della Pescaia, 19/3/2015)

 

- Itinerant exhibition in schools by WWF (Verona, 4/2015)

 

- In occasion of the WWF campaign  "crimini di natura" at the Rifugio Carnè del Parco Regionale Vena del Gesso Romagnola (Brisighella, RA, 4/2015)

 

- "A spasso col lupo" Montioni Reserve (Suvereto LI, 13/4/2015)

 

- Provincial Reserve Cornate and Fosini (Gerfalco GR, 20/4/2015)

 

- Cingoli-Sarnano - TOLENTINO For some didactic activities with tourists

 

- The Space Cinema in Grosseto for the projection of the movie "L'ultimo lupo" di J.J. Annaud

 

- Falconara  Zoo for the eduzoo activities

 

- Campaign against poaching at the wolf exhibit in Eduzoo (Falconara , AN , 19/04/2015)

 

- Pangea di Faenza within an environmental didactic activity  for schools and for general public. (5/2015)

 

- Legambiente Alpignano (Cascina Govean from the 22/5 to the 22/6)

 

- Event dedicated to the wolf (Badia Vallombrosana di Moscheta, FI, agosto, settembre 2015)

 

- 10th edition of the event “Il Borgo dei Ragazzi” (Suvereto, LI, 20/9)

 

On the 28th of November and on the 19th of December  2 press releases were issued.

Cooperation with the Region of Tuscany for the drafting of the proposal of participation to the Expo 2015.

In January 2015 Festambiente started the didactic path in primary and secondary schools in the province of Grosseto involving 3 classes  for a total of 60 students in the primary schools of Santafiora. In April the primary and secondary schools in the province of Grosseto were involved  (1/4 at the secondary school in Pitigliano and the Azienda Neri, to which guarding dogs were given, was visted on the 14/4 with the classes IV and V of the primary school in Istia) and Festambiente followed the didactic program with schools in 2 companies (Mazzieri, Neri). 18 children were involved of the primary school  of di Marina di Grosseto at the Environmental Education Centre of Legambiente  "Il Girasole".

In April 2015 the press review of the month was carried out.

A USB pen with the wolf wit material was sent to Legambiente Alpignano for the activities of Environmental Education. A Local press review was carried out and sent to the partners and 1 press release was issued on the day dedicated to the sites of Natura 2000. In May 2015 the partner Coldiretti Grosseto presented the Life project Medwolf during a meeting otganized by the Unione montana Alta Val di Cecina in the Council of  Pomarance called “Il lupo in Val di Cecina, problematiche e coesistenza con le attività antropiche” (8/5). During the day dedicated to NATURA 2000, an ecoturism activity was carried out:  a company to which watchdogs were given with the medwolof project was visited and some tastings of dairy products  produced by the company were  offered. (21/5).

The activities that will be carried out at the Festambiente festival were organized. (Luglio 2015)

In September 2015, CIA projected two small videos produced within the Medwolf project  (about prevention of predator’s attacks) during and educational night organized at the Cinema Stella (Grosseto 23/9). The partners of the project participated, presenting their achievements and objectives.

On the 11th of September, IEA held a meeting in Grosseto to agree on the organization of the 23rd of September. Moreover a press release was issued to advertise the didactic event and a press review was carried out.

Coldiretti Grosseto took part as a speaker in the conference “Il lupo, opportunità e problematiche legate alla sua conservazione” (Moggiona, Parco delle Foreste Casentinesi, 26/9)

A new brochure was produced on the illegal use of poison and the activities in schools strarted, including the presence of a farmer in class.

The exhibition at Secondary School First Grade Santo Stefano Magra La Spezia  and in Milan was set up from the 11th to the 13th of December for the National Congress of Legambiente. A meeting was held at M'ammalia in the Natural History Museum of the Maremma on the 5-6th of December, and at the Nature Museum of Pantano (Matera) as part of an initiative on wolf conservation on the 27th of December. Some students from the Agricultural Technical Institute of Grosseto visited the exhibition at Festambiente, on the 9th of december. Contacts were made with schools for the education activities in 2016. The preparation of the project "journalism@school" started, and so did the evaluation of economic offers for the promotion of films produced. On the 30th of November there was a press release on "GPS collars for guarding dogs: evaluating the behavior of dogs in the herd." The daily press review was carried out and the draft of a scientific paper was submitted to European Journal of Wildlife Research.

ACTION E4 – Connection with other LIFE and non-LIFE Projects

From April to November 2013 the project MEDWOLF has been presented in different initiatives in the range of LCIE (Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe), the International Wolf Congress and other Life projects as LIFE Slowolf (Slovenia) LIFE Against Poison (Portogallo) LIFE Antidoto and LIFE Ibriwolf (Italy).

In particular, since Medwolf and Ibriwolf insist in Italy on the same territory, the need to coordinate the strategic actions of the two projects was pointed out (communication plan and the use of results of Ibriwolf actions, as questionnaires, to develop Medwolf actions). Since January 2014 the combined action MedWolf/Ibriwold has begun with a monthly advertisement on the 3 provincial newspapers.

In April 2014 Quercus, the coordinator of the project Life Against Poison,  was contacted, to organize the anti-poisoning activities in the Medwolf project areas; the representatives of LCIE were contacted as well, to organize workshops with farmers. Finally, on the 18th April in Grosseto, a meeting to evaluate any cooperation possibility with a Provincial project about valorization of watch dogs took place.

During the 9th Italian Convention of Theriogenology, which took place in Civitella Alfedena (AQ) from the 7th to 10th May, the preliminary results of the action were presented. In May the technicians of Selva del Lamone (VT) were contacted to promote the adoption of watchdogs by farmers.

The Province of Grosseto , CIA, Coldiretti, Confagricoltura and IEA took part in the meeting organized by Coldiretti on the 24th June in Manciano with the participation of the members of the association C.I.R.Ca (International Centre of research on watch dogs) about the correct management of watch dogs. The representatives of LIFE Ibriwolf Project took part in the meeting as well. In the same period 13 surveys have been planned s in farms that are beneficiaries of prevention means.

IEA and Grupo Lobo took part in the Workshop organized by LIFE Strade Project (Florence 30th May and 1st June). There was a proposal of collaboration with the Quercus project for the use of dog cubs in the southern area involved in the Medwolf Project. Moreover, LCIE representatives were contacted for the organization of national and international workshops and the creation of a manual about damage prevention means.

In July, a meeting with the representatives of LCIE and ICNF (Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas) was held  to organize a national workshop to reduce the conflict between wolf presence and farmers. Farmers, representatives of category associations and of ONG, researchers and parks' employees participated to the meeting. In the same period a questionnaire to evaluate the workshop development was prepared. In the same period Grupo Lobo organized a meeting with Benjamin Mee (owner of Dartmoor Zoo, England) to show him the Medwolf project and introduce wolf monitoring techniques and damage prevention means (Almeida, 16th July). A survey was carried out in a farm which benefits from watch dogs. In August a meeting with the representatives of the project LIFE Against Poison was organized to consider a possible collaboration for the use of watch dogs and “poison kit”. In September Grupo Lobo got in touch with the representatives of LIFE Against Poison project to involve them in the actions C1 and C5. An international workshop was organized (action E8) in collaboration with LCIE Pilot Action. In October Coldi took part in the 2014 edition of “M’ammalia” called “A possible coexistence? Lynx, wolf, bear and man on the Alps” and presented the project “Medwolf”. In the same period Grupo Lobo organized an international workshop focusing on experiences exchange about the impact of wolves on livestock. The meeting was organized in collaboration with LCIE Pilot Action and with the participation of IEA and ESACB (Escola Superior Agrária de Castelo Branco).

 

Participation of ALDEIA to the Workshop about poisoning activities in Portugal organized by LPN/Imperial Eagle LIFE Project in Castro Verde on 26th November.

In February 2015, from the 6th to the 8th, Grupo Lobo took part in the international conference “Transport, infrastructure and other categories of bear-human conflicts” organized by Callisto during the Life Arctos Kastoria. Coldiretti took part in the meeting organized in the frame of the Eduzoo initiative in Falcinara on the 11th of February and in the seminar "Il cane Pastore Maremmano: una risorsa per il territorio" (Grosseto the 21st of February) organized within the project "Valorizzazione delle Biodiversità in Provincia di Grosseto" promoted by the Provincia di Grosseto and the Istituto di Ecologia Applicata. IEA participated to the Symposium "Lupus in fabula" held in Martina Franca on the 20th of February 2015. ALDEIA and Grupo Lobo partecipated to the Workshop about poisoning monitoring activities in the Iberian Peninsula organized within the Life project Imperial Eagle (26th and 27th February).

In March 2015 Grupo Lobo continued the cooperation with the Quercus association and the wild fauna center CERAS to implement the activities to fight the illegal killing of wild fauna. Coldiretti presented the Medwolf poject in the frame of the national seminar "La conservazione del lupo nelle aree protette: lo stato della conoscenza, le iniziative, le proposte" organized by the Regional Park of Beigua (Arenzano, Genova, 20/3).

In April 2015 the partner Grupo Lobo kept cooperating with the Quercius association which manages the wildlife centre CERAS, to be informed on any case of poisoning and to ensure that all the samples that are gathered in the Centre are screened for any toxic substance if poisonong is among the possible causes of death. A visit to the area interested by the action of the Italian partners was planned in May.

In May 2015 the partners IEA and Coldiretti had an experience exchange with Spyros Psaroudas on the 13th of May, which represents the project LIFE ARCTOS KASTORIA (LIFE09 NAT/GR/000333) on the use of watch dogs, network for the spreading of these dogs to compensate any damage was created and a farm to which some guard dogs were given, was visited. The partner IEA had a meeting with Spyros Psaroudas to plan further experience exchange (Roma, 14/5). The partner Grupo Lobo continues its cooperation with the Quercus association and the CERAS wildlife shelter centre to prevent illegal killings.

In July 2015 a workshop on communication within the Life project on great carnivores was organized;

Il September 2015, Grupo Lobo had a meeting with ICNF and “Programa Antidoto” to discuss any future action to fight the spreading of the illegal use of poison in Portugal

In September 2015 IEA completed the document “Decalogo per la comunicazione efficace per la conservazione dei grandi carnivori”. A meeting was planned for an experience exchange on the managing of wachdogs with other Italian projects (scheduled date 29/10)

ACTION E6 - Workshop addressed to the Community about the better solutions for wolf management

In order to convey to the community more information about the management of wolves, in February and March 2014 7 meetings with the Mayors of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, Almeida, Pinhel and Sabugal, Guarda, Penamacor and Idanha-a-Nova were organized.

On the 27th May the Italian representatives of CDP-WG (Carnivore Damage Prevention - Working Group) in Rome were contacted.

In the same period Grupo Lobo organized an international workshop focusing on experiences exchange about wolf impact on livestock (Castelo Branco, 28th October). The meeting was organized in collaboration with LCIE (Large Canivores initiatives for Europe) Pilot Action and with the participation of IEA and ESACB (Escola Superior Agrária de Castelo Branco).

On the 15th December in Gouveia the draft of the action plan for Iberian Wolf with Grupo Lobo was discussed by ALDEIA, the representatives of 20 different associations including SEPNA, ICNF and category associations.

On the 5th March 2015 Grupo Lobo sent the final document of the 1st meeting of IW-WG (Ibri-Wolf Working Group) and carried out the 2nd meeting in Lisbon.

In September 2015 Grupo Lobo updated the preliminary version of the “Guidelines on best practices”.

In December 2015 contacts were made with the local authorities - the instituto de conservação da natureza e das florestas (administration) and the 2 headquarters of the police departments (including SEPNA (Serviço de Protecção da Natureza e do Ambiente) - police of environment) which cover the project's area, but due to the lack of availability for December, workshops were planned for January 2016.

ACTION E8 – International working group about damage prevention and cross-border working group about evaluation of wolf's presence and entity

The working group about damage prevention was created and included  the participation of Portuguese coordinators and 28 researchers coming from 12 different countries.

In March 2014, the 1st Issue of Carnivore Damage Prevention News, has been accomplished: it was published and uploaded on the website in April. A copy has been sent to authors, editors and coordinators.

In May 2014 the subjects of the 2nd Issue were defined and the possible authors who sent the first written contributions were contacted. In June some other possible authors were contacted for the 2nd issue. In September, Grupo Lobo defined the subjects of the 2nd Issue and received the first 4 articles. On the 27th of September the first IWWG (Iberian Wolf – Working Group) meeting in Castelo Branco was organized with the participation of 18 experts: 12 from Portugal and 6 from Spain. In October Grupo Lobo received 8 articles for 2nd Issue. In November the report of the first meeting IW-WG (Iberian Wolf – Working Group) was accomplished. The 2nd issue is going to be completed. In December the text of the second CDPNews was accomplished and will be published on the first days of January. In January the second CDPNews was completed and sent to the authors. In the same period Grupo Lobo resumed the conclusions of the first meeting and sent the documents to the participants for a revision.

In February and March 2015 Grupo Lobo carried out the text of the 3rd, 4th and 5th CDPNews.

In April 2015, Grupo Lobo completed the contents of the 5° CDPNews (damage caused by bears and mitigation of the conflict). New authors were contacted for the third and fourth CDPNews (the third on general subjects and the fourth on the reduction and prevention of the damage). The revision of the text was carried out by the Journal of Agriculture and Biodiversity Research. The final documents were sent to all the members of the IW-WG.

In July 2015 the revision of some articles for the next issue of CPDNews was carried out; A WG meeting was planned on the 19th -21st of October.

In September 2015, Grupo Lobo defined the program of the meeting on the 19th– 21st of October on the themes of the assessment and managing of wachdogs.

In December 2015 all articles considered for the bear issue (CDPNew nr. 3) are under a final copy editing and were sent to the designer. The minutes of IWG Meeting were concluded and sent to participants for comments.

ACTION F1 - Coordination and management

Since the  project started, 4 coordination meetings were organized  in Italy and 3 in Portugal.

On the 3rd April in Rome, a meeting took place on internal coordination to plan a monitoring visit, which took place on 27th May, and the Progress Report was carried out.

In June, the answer to the request of clarification of the European Commission (27th June) was sent and there was a letter exchange with the Agrarian High School of Castelo Branco (ESACB) for implementation of Action C3.

On 18th September a meeting took place to set up action C6 and, at the same time, Grupo Lobo and ESACB met to set up the action C3.

On the 2nd of October, a meeting to coordinate the representatives of Italian partners took place and, on the 27th of October they met the Portuguese ones.

In December the budget modification requested by partners was checked and the clarification request regarding the drafting of financial report was sent. In the same period the Activities Plan for year 2015 was drawn up and shared with project’s partners.

In January 2015,a meeting with Scientific Advisory Body took place to verify the development of the project and in particular of the surveys held by veterinaries within the action A10. In the same period, a meeting to discuss the development of action C3 and its financial management took place to which Grupo Lobo and the  Agrarian High School of Castelo Branco (ESACB) participated. In the same period, a meeting to discuss the development of action C5 and its financial management took place, to which Grupo Lobo and Aldeia participated. A budget modification was proposed to IEA.

In February the partners participated in several meetings and events:

IEA and the Province of Grosseto held a meeting to control the activities implemented by the two veterinaries for Action A10 (Rome, 5th February)

IEA meeting with the SAB (Scientific Advisory Body) to monitor the project progress (Rome, 5th February)

IEA and the Forestry Service (Corpo Forestale dello Stato) had a meeting to control the progress and the time schedule of Action C6 (Rome, 19th February)

In March 2015 the partners participated in several meetings and events:

IEA, the Province of Grosseto, WWF, Festambiente, CIA, Coldiretti and Confagricoltura had a coordination meeting with the Italian partners (Rome, 3/3)

IEA had a meeting with the SAB (Scientific  Advisory Body) to monitor the project progress (Rome, 19/3)

IEA met the person responsible of the control of the financial reports produced by the partners and of the amendments proposals of the budget (Rome, 18 and 25/3).

In April 2015 Coldiretti, CIA and Confagricoltura planned a monitoring visit.

IEA met with SAB to evaluate any action (Roma 8/4) and in particular to plan the D2 action (Rome 29/4). A monitoring visit was planned.

Grupo Lobo organized monitoring and management meetings in Lisbon.

 

In May 2015 all the partners had a coordination meeting on the 19th of May and visited Portugal (18/5-22/5 ) to exchange experiences (inspection of farms that benefit from the prevention measures in the regions of Guarda and Castelo Branco). Visit to the 'Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco - Escola Superior Agrária’ and meeting with the association Quercus to explain the anti-poison activities carried out with a dog that was trained within the project Life Innovation against poison.

In July 2015, 2 coordination meetings for activities of fences disposal were held, and so was  1 coordination meeting for communication. The planning of activities to use a new model of financial report was carried out as well as a contract for administrative control assistance.

In September 2015 IEA had an internal meeting to define the laying out of the Mid Term Report (Roma 19/9); moreover, the organization of the financial reporting using new models, the final control updated to the 30th of June, the verification of all the minor budget changes and the organization of the business trip to Portugal were carried out.

In September 2015 CIA took care of the replacement of personnel for serious health issues.

The Province of Grosseto took care of the preparation of the documents to proceed, starting on the 01/11/2015, for the entrustment of a professional assignment for the support of the project’s administrative activities.

In December 2015 the IEA staff reorganised; the staff  for action D3 was selected within Grupo Lobo. Financial reports were integrated with a table of expenditures per action for all beneficiaries.

ACTION F2 - Monitoring of project evolution and results evaluation

Since project started, 6 coordination meetings with scientific supervisors were organized for the evaluation of the feasibility of some actions and the SAB (Scientific Advisory Body), which aims to check the project actions evolution and their efficacy in terms of achievement of expected results, was created.

In April 2014 a request for the modification of the CE Report of action A3 has been sent and presented to SAB. In May, the reports of Actions A4 and A12 and the request for extension of Action A2 were presented.

In June 2014 the budget modifications proposed by the project partners and the financial statements were reviewed. On the 25th of September the IEA (Institute of applied ecology) met in Rome with the representatives of italian SAB to plan the coordination meeting and monitor the development of the actions.

IEA met the person  responsible for the checking of the the financial reports made by partners (Rome, 18th February).

In July 2015, 2 coordination meetings for activities of fences disposal were held and so was 1 coordination meeting for communication, Moreover, the planning of activities to use a new model of financial report was carried out and so was a contract for administrative control assistance.

In September 2015 IEA had a meeting with the forestry service (Corpo Forestale dello Stato) to assess any development in the action C6 and the administrative aspects.

In Rome, on the 29th of September, the E6 course was organized and the assessment of any progress in the action C4 and of any possible option was carried out. Support was given to CIA for the update of the activities.

In December 2015 technical coordination meetings to plan the actions D2, D7, D3 were held and the contacts to plan action D4 were made.