Project progress

ACTION A2 - Ex-ante detailed Survey about the wolf presence in the Portuguese project areas

The aim of this action, which began in December 2012, is that of acquiring elements about the wolf presence in the project area and of creating a genetic database of local wolves (genetic analysis for the determination of genotypes). The monitoring activities have been held by Grupo Lobo and ended in December 2013. The genetic analysis, presently in progress, is  carried out under the responsibility of the analysis laboratory Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária.

Within the action A2, 46 interviews have been carried out to owners of zoo-technical farms who experienced wolf's attacks. 18 farms, damaged by wolves, have been inspected and 486 paths have been created for the excrements' collection, 6 of which were realized with the aid of a dog specifically trained for searching signals of wolf's presence (detection dogs; see also action A7). In the end, infra-red traps have been placed in order to learn more information about the species' presence in the studied area. Excrements' (n. 78) and saliva (n. 137) samples have been collected along the trails and were sent to the laboratory for the genetic analysis.

In the period between August and September 2013 the activity of Wolf Howling has been conducted, a technique which allows to obtain information about the presence of wolves' herds in a specific area taking advantage of the natural inclination of the species to answer to an acoustic stimulation of recorded howling.

From March to October 2014 Grupo Lobo carried out several activities: in March 9 surveys with detection dogs, 3 surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves, 311 nights using infra-red traps, 13 paths for the excrements' collection and10 interviews to farmers were carried out.  In addition to that, the members have collected 44 samples composed of: 10 excrements, 32 swabs and 2 fur samples. In April  Grupo Lobo carried out 11 surveys with detection dogs, 262 nights using infra-red traps, 18 paths for the excrements' collection and 4 interviews to farmers. 51 samples have been collected, among which: 18 excrements, 32 swabs and 1 fur sample. In May 2014 the survey about wolf’s presence went on, therefore 7 interviews to farmers have been carried out along with 316 nights using infra-red traps and 8 paths for the excrements' collection have been realized. In addition to that, 18 samples have been collected (8 excrements and 10 swabs). In June 359 nights using infra-red traps have been carried out,  as well as 14 paths for the excrements' collection and 8 interviews to farmers. In addition to that, 4 surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves have been carried out. 25 excrements and 24 swabs for a total of 49 samples have been collected. In July, 329 nights using infra-red traps have been carried out and so were 17 paths for the excrements' collection and 10 interviews to farmers. 8 surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves have been carried out and 58 samples (11 excrements, 46 swabs and 1 fur sample) have been collected. In August 309 nights using infra-red traps have been carried out, 5 paths for the excrements' collection and 2 interviews to farmers. 6 surveys in farms which were damaged by wolves have been carried out and 43 samples (19 excrements and 24 swabs) have been collected. In September 387 nights using infra-red traps have been carried out and so were 21 paths for the excrements' collection, 3 interviews to farmers and one session of wolf howling. Moreover 8 samples of excrements were collected. In October 183 nights using infra-red traps  have been carried out and so were 15 paths for the excrements' collection, 7 interviews to farmers, 1 survey in a farm which was damaged by wolves and 20 samples (11 excrements) have been collected.

During these months the Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária went on with genetic analysis of swabs, which was completed in February.

In November, December and January Grupo Lobo begun the data analysis and the report drafting which was completed in March. 

ACTION A3 - Ex-ante Survey about damages in the Portuguese project areas

Action A3, which aims to acquire information about the conflict between the wolf's presence and the zoo technical activities in Portugal, was carried out under the coordination of ESACB (Escola Superior Agrária de Castelo Branco) and involved the staff of Grupo Lobo as well.

In the first phase of the action, the elements about the previous damages have been acquired  by ICNF (Instituto de Conservacao de Naturaleza e das Florestas). After that, a questionnaire has been submitted to 50 zoo-technical farms damaged by wolves. The questionnaire was used to better understand domestic cattle management, therefore the results will become an important element to program the consignment of damages prevention systems, which will be realized within the actions C1 e C3. The analysis of collected facts is now being processed and will be available in January 2014 on the project's web site. In march 2014 the report of collected data has been concluded and its final version was published after a revision in April.

Final Report Action A3

application/pdf Final Report Action A3.pdf (3.8 MiB)
ACTION A4 – Ex-ante Survey about damages in the Italian project areas

Carried out between January 2013 and January 2014, the action had the fundamental aim of describing the extent and magnitude of the conflict between animal husbandry and wolf, as well as planning the entrust of prevention measures to farmers as established by Actions C2 and C4.
This was realized through:
- an analysis of the damages caused by canids in Grosseto Province for the period 2007-2012, based on the data made available by Co.di.Pra Toscana and, as regards to the year 2012, also taking into account the reports that the ASL communicated to the Province
- an investigation carried out through interviews directed to local farmers in order to understand how to handle domestic livestock with particular reference to the use of damage prevention systems. For this purpose, a special questionnaire was prepared and shared, which was submitted to 150 local breeders.
This action was carried out by Istituto di Ecologia Applicata, the Province of Grosseto, C.I.A, Coldiretti and Confagricoltura.

ACTION A5 – Evaluation of the potential expansion areas in Portugal

The aim of action A5, coordinated and accomplished by Grupo Lobo, was that of producing a model for the environmental wolf's suitability in the study areas of Portugal. During the first phase of the action, some information about the wolf's presence have been acquired along with the cartographic data about the principal environmental variables as, the soil use, the vegetative covering, altimetry and localization of zoo-technical farms, and of residential areas. We then got on to the real examination phase, which has produced a preliminary model, which will be implemented and integrated with all the other information acquired during the project.

This model represents an important instrument to identify the areas of species' future expansion on the territory and therefore the areas of potential conflict with the local economic activities.

The activity report associated to that model, which also explains its use and practical management potentiality, is presently being drafted and will be published on the project web site.

In May 2015 the partner Grupo Lobo updated the GIS model with the data gathered with the action A2 (2014) and new maps were produced. The report is almost completed.

ACTION A6 – Evaluation of the potential expansion areas between Apennines and coastal plain in the province of Grosseto

The aim of action A6, coordinated and accomplished by IEA, was that of producing a model for the environmental wolf's suitability in the study areas in the Province of Grosseto.

During the first phase of the action, some information about the wolf's presence were acquired, as well as the cartographic data about the main environmental variables (soil use, vegetative covering, altimetry and localization of zoo-technical farms, residential areas). We then got on to the real examination phase, which produced, until now, a preliminary model, which will be implemented and integrated with all the other information acquired during the project.

This model represents an important instrument to identify the areas of species' future expansion on the territory and therefore the areas of potential conflict with the local economic activities.

The activity report associated to that model, which also explains its use and practical management potentiality, is presently being drafted and will be published on the project web site.

The action was completed and a new suitability map for wolves was created using the most recent data on the presence of this species in the area of study.

ACTION A7 - Guards’ training for the research of wolf’s presence signs and illegal hunting activities in Portugal

The action, coordinated by Grupo Lobo, had as purpose the training of staff, already involved at different levels in the wolf’s management (technicians and office personnel of Public Administration), on the detection of marks  connected to the presence of species and on the activities to fight poaching.

Within the action A7, two different training sessions have been realized. The first one, which occurred in Sabugal on the 12 June, dealt with the aspects connected to the monitoring of wolf’s presence (field survey and genetic techniques) and the anti poaching activities, conducted by the Staff of LIFE ANTIDOTO project which is present in Spain and in Italy and contrasts the use of venom replacing it with the support of specifically trained dog units.

The training course consisted in a theoretical part and in a practical demonstration on the use of the detection dog in the survey on the signs of wolf’s. The help of this dogs, specifically trained to find wolf’s excrements and traces, is particularly useful for low density species, as the wolf itself, the research of indirect signs attesting presence of which, needs a considerable investment of time and energy. Therefore, the aid of a specifically trained dog allows to increase the quantity of collected data, without strengthening the sampling activity. The practical exercise has been held by an American trainer involved within the action A7 to train the dog Zeus which, after that, began to work in action A2.

The second meeting took place on 13th and 14th November in Bragança/Rio de Onor, in Montesinho natural Park, in the north-east area of Portugal, and was followed by 16 guards and technicians coming from 4 parks and protected areas and by 3 SEPNA-GNR (Serviço de Proteção da Natureza e do Ambiente - Guardia Nacional Republicana) agents.

This course dealt with the survey techniques for wolf’s monitoring and also included a theoretical lesson and a practical exercise on the research of wolf’s excrements and traces. During the practical exercise,  a demonstration on the use of the main techniques used for wolf’s control took place, involving several techniques such as wolf howling, photo-traps and detection dogs. The program of the second training course is available on project website.

In March 2014, the course trainer for the exposition of the consequences of illegal use of poisoning has been chosen.

In April, Grupo Lobo organized the second part of training course (Sabugal 30/4) followed by 30 SEPNA and ICNF (Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas) agents.

ACTION A8 - Guards’ training for the research of wolf’s presence signs and illegal hunting activities in Italy.

The action, co-ordinated by Grosseto Province, had the purpose of forming the staff of the State Forestry Corps, Provincial Police and Municipal Police on techniques for monitoring the presence of wolf, and on the use of antivenin dog units to contrast poaching. For this purpose, two separate training sessions were carried out. The first training course on monitoring the presence of wolf foresaw a theoretical section and a practical part at Maremma Regional Park, during which a demonstration was carried out on the application of survey techniques. The second training session was conducted by LIFE ANTIDOTO project staff: the session was divided into a theoretical part and a practical part, where a demonstration of the use of dogs in poison research took place. The action was a prerequisite for the establishment of antivenim dog units (Action C6) that operate in the provincial territory.

ACTION A9 - Staff training about damage evaluation and trust building in Portugal

 Action A9, coordinated by Grupo Lobo, includes the realization of a training course addressed to veterinaries aiming to the determination of the facts (genetic and necroscopic) that allow identify the predator responsible in case of killed cattle.

The correct damage verification is a fundamental requirement to understand, estimate and evaluate the real wolf’s impact in the local zoo-technical activities.

On the 12th  March in Vila Real the training course took place, and was composed by a theoretical part and a practical exercise, which involved 39 watchmen and technicians of protected areas, a member of ALDEIA and 6 veterinaries.

In April Grupo Lobo organized a training course on conflict management which was held by Dr. Cláudio Pina Fernandes of the Psycho-pedagogic Office of FCUL (Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa) (Sabugal, 16/4). The course has been followed by 12 watchmen of 5 different protected areas.

ACTION A10 - Staff training about damage evaluation and trust building in Italy

The action, co-ordinated by Grosseto Province, had the aim of forming staff at local level - particularly veterinary staff - that can be used to detect damage caused by canids to livestock.
The special training course was divided into two days during which various aspects of livestock predation by large carnivores were studied, also through necroscopic analysis of carcasses (carcasses diagnostics, problems in the identification of the predator, cases of fraud), both in terms of social and legal context in which the damage occurs (assessment of local legislation on compensation, assessment of the state of protection of livestock, evaluation of the attitude of the breeders towards the predator).

Below are the links to the presentations used during the course:

Angelucci 1: http://issuu.com/festambientegr/docs/a10_-_presentazione_angelucci_1_ele

Angelucci 2: http://issuu.com/festambientegr/docs/a10_-_presentazione_angelucci_2_eco

Mangos: http://issuu.com/festambientegr/docs/a10_-_presentazione_manghi_biologia

Willy Reggioni: http://issuu.com/festambientegr/docs/a10_-_presentazione_willy_reggioni

Between 2014 and 2015, the veterinarians selected by the project carried out a total of 140 inspections in companies that suffered damage from predators.

ACTION A11 - Ex-ante survey about the knowledge level and resulting approach to wolf’s presence in Portugal

Action A11, coordinated by Grupo Lobo, concerns an ex ante survey about the data we have on the presence of wolves and on the perception of carnivorous, by local population and by other groups of interest.

This information is fundamental to adequately arrange the project media campaign. The action began in January 2013 and submitted to local population, school children and other groups of interest a multiple-choice questionnaire. Overall a total of 359 interviews were carried out: 150 were addressed to a generic public, 20 to journalists, 52 to hunters, 75 to police men and 62 to farmers. The information collected thanks to the interviews have been analyzed; the activity report is presently being drafted and will be published on the project web site at the beginning of 2014.

Final Report Action A11

application/pdf Final Report Action A11.pdf (1.5 MiB)
ACTION A12 - Ex-ante survey about the knowledge level and resulting approach to wolf’s presence in Italy

The action foresaw the realization of focus groups with the breeders instead of the interviews initially envisaged. These meetings were an opportunity to compare different points of view: breeders, in particular, were put in the condition of feeling as a part of a shared path to arrive to the formulation of concrete proposals that were later submitted to Grosseto Province.
The territory was subdivided into districts (4 total areas), where the breeders were summoned through the important mediation of the stakeholders associations.
The action was divided into two distinct phases: a first phase devoted to listening to the problems of the breeders deriving from the presence of the predators and a second phase in which the proposals of the breeders emerged in the first round of meetings were discussed with technical and political staff of the Province. The second round of meetings was attended by the Councilor for Agriculture of Grosseto Province and by the Head of the Rural Development Service, Dr. Duccio Berzi, who cooperates with Grosseto Province since long time in the implementation of tools for the prevention of damages to livestock.
The action was an opportunity to consider different points of view and to engage in a direct confrontation both the agricultural world and the provincial administration.
Following the focus groups, a final meeting was organized with the participation of all the partners of the project, with the aim of targeting future actions, especially those of communication, based on the analysis of the results obtained from the two rounds of meetings with the breeders.
Download A12 documentation below.

Final Report Action A12

application/pdf Final Report Action A12.pdf (1.8 MiB)
ACTION C1 - Selection of beneficiaries and consignment of watch dogs in Portugal

The selection parameters for beneficiaries were established, 4 farmers have been selected and 3 of them were also interviewed. The consignment contract for the first beneficiary who received a cub of Estrela Mountain Dog integrated in the herd on the 7th February in Sabugal has been signed.

The first control of consigned cub was carried out in March 2014. In the same period two farmers have been interviewed for a new beneficiary selection. Moreover, the second litter from which new dogs will be selected has been chosen.

In April Grupo Lobo interviewed two farmers and carried out the monthly control of the consigned cub, that participated to the Fundão Dog Show and ranked 2nd. On 8th  May the second cub has been bought and consigned. In June 2014 two female cubs have been bought and consigned, in the same period the monthly control of the cubs which had already been assigned was carried out. In addition to that, Grupo Lobo took part to an event which promoted the use of watch dogs in the area of Fundão. In July, August and September the monthly controls of the cubs which had already been assigned was carried out, the dogs were vaccinated and they were provided with food. One of the assigned dogs took part in a dog show  and won the first prize.

In September 10 farmers were interviewed, possible beneficiaries of livestock guarding dogs. One of the consigned dogs participated to the Fundão Dog Show and ranked 2nd.

In the months of October, November, December 2014, January, February,  March, April, May, July and September 2015, the monthly controls of the already consigned cubs were carried out and new cubs were assigned (5 in October, 2 in November, 2 in December and January, 2 in March, 1 in May and 1 in July)

In October a new herd of Estrela Mountain Dogs has been selected

In November one of the cubs was killed by another dog, but it will be replaced as soon as possible.

On 25th January Grupo Lobo took part to the National Herding Dog Competition which took place in Idanha-a-Nova.

In February One of the guarding dogs died because of an accident and it will be replaced in the next months.

In April 2015 a dog with behavioral problems was identified. A puppy died in an accident.

In December 2015 one adult male died for a car accident, and the monthly visits to each was carried out.

ACTION C2 - Selection of beneficiaries and consignment of watch dogs in Italy

On the basis of the collected data and the interviews carried out, selection criteria for beneficiary breeders were established and guard dogs delivered in the Maremma area. In total, the puppies entrusted to the livestock companies were 35, all of Maremma-Abruzzo breed.
Thanks to the establishment of DifesAttiva association, it was possible to implement a monitoring program with GPS collars (currently 13 dogs and 6 sheep in 5 possessions).

ACTION C3 – Installation of fences as protection means in Portugal

The action was moved up in the project's chronogram in order to face an emergency situation: an ostrich farmer who was cyclically damaged. The first fence has been installed once that the fences' technical characteristics were identified, the administrative procedures were concluded and the consignment contract  was prepared. The preliminary activities for the selection of beneficiaries for the distribution of prevention means, began in November 2013.

During the project progress (May 2014 – July 2015) a total of 10 beneficiaries were selected, the materials for the realization of fences was ordered and consigned and 10 fences were built and monitored, also through surveys which were periodically submitted to the beneficiary farmers.

In May 2014 an evaluation on the purchase of permanent non-electrified fences was proposed to IEA. During the same period of time, Grupo Lobo and ESACB (Escola Superior Agrária de Castelo Branco) met an ostrich farmer and expressed the necessity of some improvements that have to be made. Moreover an additional technical and economic support was required by the farmer who was hit by a wolf attack.

in April 2015 the partner ESACB visited for the second time the ostrich farm (15/4) to confirm the weaknesses of the fence and identify any possible improvement. A report was drawn up and  a meeting was planned involving ICNF (Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas), ESACB and Grupo Lobo to decide how to proceed to avoid any damage and moderate conflicts.

In July 2015 an intervention to fix the fence of the ostrich farmer that had been attacked  was carried out.

In September 2015 the contract with the ostrich farmer was integrated after some changes to the fence. Moreover, another modification was suggested, to improve a part of the fence which is still not high enough.

In December 2015, the contruction of 2 new fences started, and the monitoring of the installed fences continued. The ostrich fences were improved thanks to the implementation of barbed wire and increased height.

ACTION C4 – Installation of prevention means in Italy

The project made it possible to grant 69 metal fences.

Fences are subject to periodic inspections to evaluate their effectiveness.

For more information, download the action details (in Italian).

ACTION C5 – Poisoning control and anti-poaching activities in Portugal

The action was planned, a contact was made with an anti-poisoning dog trainer and a collaboration  to prepare preliminary agreement was carried out. Grupo Lobo and ALDEIA took part to the training course about the control of the illegal use of venom organized by project Life ANTIDOTO. Aldeia organized some meetings with students and teachers to raise awareness on the impact of the illegal killing of wild fauna (especially wolves and birds of prey). The creation of a database GIS for the realization of a model which graphically represents the fauna poisoning events began. Participation to training course as planned in action A9.

In March 2014 a meeting with the representatives of the “Veterinary Toxicological Department” (26th March) took place, to evaluate their availability to analyze the poisoned carcasses found during the project's developpment. In addition to that, on the 26th March a lesson addressed to 60 students of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Trasos-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD) was organized, about Medwolf project and toxicological aspects. The representatives of SEPNA-Pinhel (Serviço de Proteção da Natureza e do Ambiente) met on the 12th March to discuss the possibility of intervention in the studied area and the use of anti-poison kit.

ALDEIA registered 342 events of wild fauna poisoning. On the 2nd of April in Lisbona , a meeting with veterinaries of Toxicological Veterinary Medicine Department took place, to evaluate their availability to directly carry out the toxicological analysis.  The list of subjects to be included in anti-poison kit for SEPNA-GNR agents was drown up. A lesson addressed to 50 students of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Lisbona was organized about wild fauna rehabilitation after poisoning events and information about Medwolf project. On 22nd April Grupo Lobo began, in collaboration with Project Against Poison, a control action about the use of venom. The expert in anti-poisoning dogs, Jesus Valladolid, carried out a two-weeks survey to find out the more critical zones in the Project Medwolf areas.

SEPNA-GNR (Serviço de Proteção da Natureza e do Ambiente-Guardia Nacional Republicana) has been technically supported on 19th and 20th May during a possible case of poisoning in Reboleiro. On 26th May 50 veterinaries of the University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD) took part to a lesson about forensic veterinary.

In June 2014 two lessons have been carried out: the first one in Boticas, north Portugal and the second one in Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo on the illegal predators' killing methods and the MedWolf Project.

In July ALDEIA got in touch with SEPNA to prepare the “poison kit” and they met on the 21st August. Some Portuguese and Spanish Ong met to plan the information and awareness activities.

In October ALDEIA organized a meeting with the rangers of natural reserve of Serra da Malcata and with the veterinary of Penamacor to be updated about new cases of fauna poisoning. ALDEIA got in touch with SEPNA representatives of Pinhel and Vilar Formoso to define the required materials for anti-poisoning activities. In addition to that a lesson addressed to 80 students of the Centro Escolar di Penamacor was carried out.

In November ALDEIA organized a meeting with 2 members of SEPNA-GNR to be updated on new cases of fauna poisoning,  contacted CERAS/Quercus (Centro de Estudos e Recuperação de Animais Selvagens) to update the database and participated to the Workshop about poisoning activities in Portugal organized by LPN/Imperial Eagle LIFE Project in Castro Verde on 26th November.

In December ALDEIA organized two lessons at University of Lusofona (Lisbona), addressed to 50 students of veterinary medicine about wild fauna protection and about project Medwolf. On 8th December ALDEIA took part to the Wildlife Rehabilitation Workshop in Gouveia.

In January ALDEIA organized a meeting with 2 members of SEPNA-GNR to discuss the procedures to adopt in case of wild fauna poisoning. In the same period ALDEIA got in touch with the veterinaries of Guardia and Castelo Branco to discuss a possible collaboration organize meetings and workshops.

On the 25th of February ALDEIA performed a lesson addressed to 50 students of veterinary about procedures to adopt in case of wild fauna poisoning at the High School of Agriculture of Ponte de Lima. Meeting with the Portuguese and Spanish representatives (Madrid, 26-27/2) to discuss about the legal procedures linked to wild fauna poisoning events, organized in the frame of the Life Project Imperial Eagle.

In March ALDEIA provided technical support to SEPNA/GNR following an event of poisoning of wild fauna (two foxes found dead on the 12 and on the 19 of March in Aldeia Viscosa).

On April 2015 ALDEIA payed for the tox screen of some samples provided by QUERCUS of bird carcasses found in Idanha-a-Nova and Vila Velha de Ródão. Technical support was provided to SEPNA/GNR-Pinhel for a possible case of poisoning of a griffon in Meda, Guarda. (19/4).

ALDEIA continues the educational activities for schools  releasing two birds of prey (buzzard and European honey buzzard) that got illegally shot at involving students (50 in one case and 15 in the other). Participation to a debate on the poaching of wildlife, in the context of the VIII workshop on birds of prey (Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, 15/5). The Medwolf project was always involved .

The partner Grupo Lobo carried out a second action of control on the use of poison and poaching (18-24/5) with detection dogs, organized in cooperation with Quercus and involving the SEPNA-GNR and ICNF guards.

In September 2015 ALDEIA held a meeting with SEPNA/GNR (Guarda 7/9) for an update on any poisoning event within the region.

On the 15th of December a meeting with the Nature Guards of Reserva Natural da Serra da Malcata, Sabugal Municipal Veterinary and Quercus was held during the release of 2 vultures and an eagle Owl at Sabugal. A meeting with SEPNA-Pinhel was held on the 19th, during release of wild birds caught illegally, in the school of Meda. The  presentation of ALDEIA´s participation on MedWolf was made in the occasion of a Wildlife Rehabilitation Workshop at Gouveia on the 4th of December. There were 35 participants mostly veterinary and biology students.

ACTION C6 – Poisoning control and anti-poaching activities in Italy

The action was developed through the involvement of other projects and institutions with similar aims: contacts with LIFE ANTIDOTO and the State Forestry Corps - which formally adhered to the project - were tightened. Following the selection and training of the staff and the purchase of dogs, some anti venom dog units were formed and are now active on the study area.
Download here the details of the activities (in Italian).

ACTION D2 - Assessment of the efficacy of damage prevention structures and livestock guarding dogs in Italy

In April 2015, Grosseto Province, Coldiretti Grosseto and IEA had a planning meeting which led to the writing of an activity plan.

ACTION D3 - Assessment of wolf presence in expansion areas in Portugal

ACTION D3 - Grupo Lobo, September 2015: The selection for the biologist that will take care of the gathering of data on site has begun.

INIAV started the procedures for the renewal of the contract for the laboratory technician.

ACTION D7 - Assessment of the socio-economic impact of the project

The aim of the action is to measure the socio-economic impact of the project and the influence on the ecosystem in the project area. For this reason, a series of indicators (social, economical, and ecological) have been selected and will be measured for the entire duration of the project.

ACTION E1 – Project Web Site

The web site was created and put online in March 2013 with Italian, Portuguese, and English versions. The site is constantly updated with news (usually also on the Facebook page of the project), new material and has a section with downloadable documentation.

ACTION E2 – Communication Campaign about conflicts' mitigation in Portugal

The communication strategy was set with an expert and the realization of the activities included in the communication plan  was  launched: press releases were launched; the local radio and newspapers were contacted; two students seminaries about the cattle damage prevention systems were launched and some informative material was handed out.  A national network between researchers\technicians\ONG\ICNF was established for the diffusion of information about wolf, addressing the media.

A confrontation and involvement path was started by the category association ACRIALMEIDA in order to evaluate the possible collaboration of farmers in the project MedWolf.

The meetings in schools for the distribution of Wolf-Kit started. In particular,  two schools answered positively to this proposal. The educational activities carried out during the project have been: in April 2014 the Medwolf project was  presented during a lesson addressed to the students of 4 different classes in a high-school in Sabugal (22nd April). 72 of these students have filled in a questionnaire about their attitude towards wolf. Finally, the “wolf kit” has been used in two schools of Pinhel and Sabugal. In May 53 students in 6 different classes of a school in Sabugal have filled in a questionnaire about their attitude towards wolf. The project was presented during 4 meetings in 7 high-schools of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, during a seminar which was carried out at the Science Faculty of the University of Lisboa (22nd May) and at Ciência Viva Alviela (Alcanena, 17th May). In June, 224 students filled in a questionnaire about their attitude towards wolf and the “wolf kit” has been used in two schools of Pinhel and Sabugal. In addition to that, all the schools in the project area have been contacted to propose the use of the “wolf kit” during the next academic year. Grupo Lobo also took part in a fieldtrip with 60 students of Almeida and showed the use of detection dog. In July, a questionnaire to evaluate the workshop development has been prepared. In August the association sent e-mails  to all schools located in the project area to present the “wolf kit” in the new academic year and a seminar to present the project was also realized in collaboration with the University of Beira Interior (Covilhã). In October the wolf-kit has been presented to teachers of Sabugal High School and  three lessons in different schools were organized. In March 2015 a meeting with the representatives of the University of Beira Interior (UBI, Covilhã, 10/3) was organized in order to discuss about the organization of a seminar concerning wolf and the Medwolf project. In April a project was presented during a conference on wolves at the Faculty of Science at the university of Lisbon (22/4). A seminar for the media was organized in cooperation with the university of Beira Interior - UBI, Covilhã, scheduled in June and the seminar for the media was postponed to the end of the year because the minimum number of enrolments was not reached. In September some schools were contacted for the utilization of the wolf kit.

During the project progress several articles were published: in April 2014 the municipalities of Penamacor, Sabugal and Guarda have been contacted to publish the article on their own dispatches and 2 articles were published, the first one on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 3rd April), the other, concerning the use of watchdogs and mentioning the MedWolf project, on the weekly magazine Semanário SOL (8th April). Moreover an article about the Med Wolf project and wolf's protection has been written and  will be published in the next months on the dispatches of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, Pinhel and Idanha-a-Nova. 3 articles were issued in May, on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 1-15-29 May); 2 articles in June, issued on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 12th and 26th June) and on the monthly magazine “Zimbro”; 3 articles  in July, issued on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 1st, 24th and 31st July) and on the local newspaper "5 Quinas" (on the 16th July); 3 in August, issued on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda 7th 14th and 28th August); 1 in September on the local newspaper “Terras de Beira” (Guarda 11th September); 3 in October on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda 2nd, 16th and 30th October); 1 In November on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda 20th November) and on the on-line web site of the city of Idanha-a-Nova; 2 in December on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda -11th-25th December), and on the monthly magazine “Zimbro” and one on the weekly “Sol”. 1 in January on the local newspaper “Terras da Beira” (Guarda 22nd January); 2 in February on the local newspaper Terras da Beira (Guarda 12th and 26th February); 2 in March on the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (GUarda 12 and 26/3); 2 in May on the local paper “Terra de Beira” (Guarda, 14/5 e 21/5), 2 on the local papers “Jornal a Guarda” and “Capeia Arraiana”, 1 on the national paper “O Instalador”, 1 on Camaras Verdes (in the same period Ecotour was spread through the media and online, and had great success reaching the highest possible number of enrolments); 2 in April on the local paper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 16/4 and 23/4); 2 in September on the local paper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda, 3 e 17/9) and 1 in October on the activities carried out by Grupo Lobo, among which the Medwolf project,  on the online version of the national paper “SOL”.

Several interviews were carried out as well: on the 21st of February an interview at the national TV, RTP2 was released, about the Medwolf project in the framework of a LIFE projects presentation broadcast in Portugal. In April 2014 the Medwolf project has been quoted during an interview to prof. Francisco Fonseca on  the university radio about wolfs (Radio Zero, Lisbona 24/4). On the 16th July an interview on the local radio “Radio Altitude” was carried out. In January Biosfera, a weekly Tv-Program about nature protection, realized an interview to the national coordinator of MedWolf project and to the technical representatives of Grupo Lobo and of the Escola Superior Agrária do Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco about the aim of MedWolf project. In November Grupo Lobo participated to a TV- program about project MedWolf and LGDs (RTP1 Channel on 13th November).

 

The activities concerning the communication plan have been: in May 2014 the printing and distribution of the brochure about wolf (1000 copies) was carried out, and so was the translation of the brochure and of the panels for the display organized by LCIE (Large carnivore Initiative for Europe), the preparation of new panels about the presence of wolves started in Portugal; in June the translation and the graphical correction of the LCIE brochure has been completed; the layout of the LCIE display has been prepared and a contact was made with Wolf Museums in Portugal for a subject integration; in July the texts of the brochure about prevention means have been drafted, translated in Portuguese and prepared for the layout of the LCIE brochure. In the same period an estimate of the cost  to print the panels and  realize supplementary products for the display was asked. In August, Grupo Lobo updated and finished the LCIE brochure and shared the text and the graphic format with IEA (Institute of applied ecology) and Festambiente; in September Grupo Lobo printed 500 copies of the LCIE brochure; in October Grupo Lobo, printed 500 copies of the LCIE brochure which were distributed during the workshop organized in range of Action E6;  in March 2015 the project flyer was distributed; in April 500 brochures of the Medwold project were printed and a promotional poster on the tour for the Fiera del turismo Iberico (Spanish Tourism Fair) was prepared (Guarda, 30/4 – 3/5); in May the poster on educational actions was presented at the congress “SciCom: communication and science 2015” (Lagos, 28-29/5); in July 2015 some prints of the LCIE exhibition were planned along with a second program for the ecotourism activities and in September a poster for the promotion of the event was realized.

During the progress of the project, several meetings were held to define the structure of the project and organize workshops: in July  A meeting with the representatives of LCIE and ICNF (Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas) was held to organize a national workshop to reduce the conflict between the presence of  wolves and farmers. Farmers, representatives of category associations, ONG, researchers and parks' employees were present.  In August a  meeting with the researcher Lia Vasconcelos, expert in conflict mediation in situations regarding conservation (Lisbona, 24th  September),was organized.  In November 5 meetings in cities located in study areas were organized  to evaluate the possibility of starting eco-tourism activities related to wolves. Two meetings with the participation of the researcher Lia Vasconcelos, expert in conflict mediation in situations regarding conservation, were organized involving 130 participants. On 28th January 2015 Grupo Lobo met the director of the Natural Science Museum of Lisbona to arrange the LCIE display exposition with the possibility of realizing a display catalogue.  In March, Grupo Lobo met the Director of the Museum of Natural Sciences of Lisbon (23/3) to discuss  the exposition of the LCIE exhibit in the premises of the museum as a permanent exhibition lasting two years.  In the same period, some meetings with local political representatives have been organized, in order to inform them on the status of wolf conservation and on the activities undertaken by the project Medwolf (Lisbon 6 - 25/3). In April 2015 Grupo Lobo defined the structure and details of the exhibition LCIE (Large Carnivore initiatives for Europe) between Grupo Lobo and the staff of the Natural History Museum of Lisbon. A second meeting was held on the 28th of April. A smaller exhibit was planned in a smaller room of the Museum. The exhibit will become itinerant and 7 museums were contacted. In May 2015 the partner Grupo Lobo opened an LCIE exhibition at the Museum of Natural History in Lisbon (18/5) with the Italian partners as well.  Grupo Lobo, in September 2015, contacted two museums that are interested in hosting a smaller version of the Medwold exhibit.

In September, the second ecotourism tour, which will start at the end of October, was organized and will include the milking of goats and the realization of cheese in a farm at St. Estevão (Sabugal).

In October 2014 and May 2015, two press conference were held on the results of the project.

In December 2015 the reduced version (PVC panels) of the exhibit is still on display at the science museum Mina da Ciência - Ciência Viva do Lousal (Lousal), and will stay there until 30th of June 2016. 2 opinion articles by Grupo Lobo were published in the local newspaper "Terras da Beira" (Guarda) on the 10th ("Wolves' news, from Portugal to China”) and the 24th ("Ancient Story").

Some schools in Sabugal were contacted, Pinhel and Almeida, which are willing to receive the project's team for a talk. One talk focusing on the results of the SDDT and one poster comparing the data collected by different wolf survey methods (except the SDDT) within the A2-Ext were presented at the SECEM Congress (4-7th December) in Burgos (Spain). Contacts were made with the various interest groups: 3 associations of livestock breeders, 7 hunting associations, 15 newspapers, 10 radios, 1 university with journalism's students and 5 local mayors for planning meetings in 2016.

ACTION E3 – Communication Campaign about conflicts' mitigation in Italy

After setting up a communication work group - which meets regularly - the action foresaw and still foresses the realization (see also the "Material" section of the site):
- brochures on prevention tools (April 2014)
- 10 copies of the LCIE exhibition by WWF (September 2014)
- LCIE brochure (October 2014)
- Wolf Junior kit for kids from 7 to 12 years (November 2014)
- USB with wolf-kit material for lower and upper middle classes (January 2015)
- 1 LCIE exhibition panel in reprint (April 2015)
- anti-poison brochures, brochure and gadget on prevention methods (July 2015)
- 600 children t-shirts delivered during the holiday event "City of Children and Children" (August 2015).
For more details, download the action report here (in Italian).

ACTION E4 – Connection with other LIFE and non-LIFE Projects

The project sought synergies with other similar initiatives. In detail, MEDWOLF was presented at: LCIE (Large Carnivorous Initiative for Europe), International Wolf Congress, LIFE Slowolf (Slovenia), LIFE Against Poison (Portugal), LIFE Antidote and LIFE Ibriwolf (Italy).

Download the details of networking activities below (in Italian).

ACTION E6 - Workshop addressed to the Community about the better solutions for wolf management

In order to convey to the community more information about the management of wolves, in February and March 2014 7 meetings with the Mayors of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, Almeida, Pinhel and Sabugal, Guarda, Penamacor and Idanha-a-Nova were organized.

On the 27th May the Italian representatives of CDP-WG (Carnivore Damage Prevention - Working Group) in Rome were contacted.

In the same period Grupo Lobo organized an international workshop focusing on experiences exchange about wolf impact on livestock (Castelo Branco, 28th October). The meeting was organized in collaboration with LCIE (Large Canivores initiatives for Europe) Pilot Action and with the participation of IEA and ESACB (Escola Superior Agrária de Castelo Branco).

On the 15th December in Gouveia the draft of the action plan for Iberian Wolf with Grupo Lobo was discussed by ALDEIA, the representatives of 20 different associations including SEPNA, ICNF and category associations.

On the 5th March 2015 Grupo Lobo sent the final document of the 1st meeting of IW-WG (Ibri-Wolf Working Group) and carried out the 2nd meeting in Lisbon.

In September 2015 Grupo Lobo updated the preliminary version of the “Guidelines on best practices”.

In December 2015 contacts were made with the local authorities - the instituto de conservação da natureza e das florestas (administration) and the 2 headquarters of the police departments (including SEPNA (Serviço de Protecção da Natureza e do Ambiente) - police of environment) which cover the project's area, but due to the lack of availability for December, workshops were planned for January 2016.

ACTION E8 – International working group about damage prevention and cross-border working group about evaluation of wolf's presence and entity

In the first phase of the project, a Carnivore Damage Prevention - Working Group was created, which includes the participation of Portuguese coordinators and 38 members, researchers from 12 countries. It publishes, periodically, CDP News (see the page in this web site).

ACTION F1 - Coordination and management

Effective coordination is a must for an efficient project management. That is why, from the very beginning, a coordination group - which meets regularly – was set up.
Download the details of the encounters below (in Italian).

ACTION F2 - Monitoring of project evolution and results evaluation

The aim of the action is to evaluate the effectiveness and performance of the project. To this end, various meetings with the scientific supervisor were realized and a Scientific Advisory Body (SAB) was set up to monitor the progress of the project actions and their effectiveness in terms of achieving the expected results.

Download the details of the activities (in Italian).